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Virginia State Almanac: Facts and Figures

Quick Facts, Figures, and Overview of the State of Virginia

Virginia Almanac: Fast Facts and Figures on the State of Virginia

Virginia Almanac furnishes quick facts and figures on the state, its history and geography; largest and smallest counties, largest cities; climate and weather, temperature, highest, lowest, and mean temperatures; elevations, lowest, highest elevations; total area, land area and water area, state forest and park areas; bordering states, electoral votes, number of senators and representatives to the US Congress, and other statistical data.

Use this almanac of Virginia for information on local issues, politics, events, celebrations, people and business pertaining to the state of Virginia that can be found online.

Virginia, in full Commonwealth of Virginia, also known as the Old Dominion, one of the South Atlantic states of the US. Also called the "Old Dominion"and the "Mother of Presidents"due to the fact that 8 US presidents were born in the state. The state consists of the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay. The state capital is Richmond and Virginia Beach is the most populous city in the state of Virginia.

The state shares its borders with Maryland, Washington DC, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, West Virginia and the Atlantic Ocean. Its total area is 42,774.2 square miles (110,784.7 km sq). This includes 3,180.13 square miles (8,236.5 sq. km) of water. Virginia was named in 1584 in honor of Queen Elizabeth of England, who was popularly called the "Virgin Queen."

The most valuable services industry is community, business and personal services, which produces income through private health care, hotels and motels, computer programming and engineering companies and repair shops.

The greatest growth is the technology sector, with business for computer programmers, consultants, engineers and researchers generated by the federal government. Virginia is home to the world's largest internet service provider.

Tobacco, once the basis of the Virginia economy, has been replaced by livestock and livestock products as the state's most valuable source of agricultural income. Broilers are the state's most valuable product followed by beef cattle. Virginia is a leading producer of turkeys. Vegetable crops include potatoes, sweet potatoes and tomatoes. With large orchards, apples are the state's leading fruit crop.Virginia is a leading crab and oyster producing state. Coal is the state's leading mined product.

Virginia Almanac: Facts and Figures on Virginia

Official Name Virginia
Capital Richmond
Nicknames The Old Dominion; Mother of Presidents ... and more
Motto Sic Semper Tyrannis (Thus always to tyrants)
37.53105 N, 077.47458 W
South Atlantic
Constitution Ratified 1970
Statehood June 25, 1788
10th state
Population 8,001,024 (2010)
178.76 sq. mi.
Largest City
(by population)
10 largest cities (2010 est.):Virginia Beach, 437,994; Norfolk, 242,803; Chesapeake, 222,209; Richmond, 204,214; Newport News, 180,719; Alexandria, 139,966; Hampton, 137,436; Roanoke, 97,032; Portsmouth, 95,535; Suffolk, 84,585
Bordering States North: West Virginia, Maryland, and Washington, DC (Potomac River forms the Northeastern boundary)
East: Maryland and the Atlantic Ocean
South: North Carolina and Tennessee
West: Kentucky (Chesapeake Bay separates the Eastern Shore in the South part of the Delmarva Peninsula, from the rest of the state)
Coastline: 112 mi.
Major Industry farming (tobacco, peanuts, corn, sweet potatoes, poultry, ham), tourism, US Navy warships, mining (coal), lumber (for paper and furniture), government workers
Major Rivers James River, Rappahannock River, Potomac River, Shenandoah River
Major Lakes Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway, Gathright Dam (Lake Moomaw), John H. Kerr Reservoir, John W. Flannagan Reservoir, Pound Lake, Philpott Lake
Virginia Counties 96 Counties in Virginia and 40 Independent Cities
Largest County
(by population)
Fairfax County
1,081,726 (2010)
396 sq. mi.
Largest County
(by area)
Pittsylvania County
978 sq. mi.
State forests 16 (50,000+ ac.)
State parks/natural areas 34
Presidential Birthplaces

George Washington was born in Westmoreland County on February 22, 1732 (he was the 1st US President, serving from 1789 to 1797).

Thomas Jefferson was born in Shadwell on April 13, 1743 (he was the 3rd US President, serving from 1801 to 1809).

James Madison was born in Port Conway on March 16, 1751 (he was the 4th US President, serving from 1809 to 1817).

James Monroe was born in Westmoreland County on April 28, 1758 (he was the 5th US President, serving from 1817 to 1825).

William Henry Harrison was born in Berkeley on February 9, 1773 (he was the 9th US President, serving in 1841).

John Tyler was born in Greenway on March 29, 1790 (he was the 10th US President, serving from 1841 to 1845).

Zachary Taylor was born near Barboursville on November 24, 1784 (he was the 12th US President, serving from 1849 to 1850).

Woodrow Wilson was born in Staunton on December 28, 1856 (he was the 28th US President, serving from 1913 to 1921).

Electoral Votes 13
US Congress 2 Senators; 11 Representatives
Time Zone Eastern Standard Time
Zip Codes NANPA
State Quick Facts Census Bureau Quick Facts

Virginia Climate and Weather

Virginia has four distinct seasons, each with its own appeal to travelers. Summers are hot and humid, but comparatively cool in the mountains. July temperatures range from 65-83 F/18-27 C, with Tide Water Areas (Norfolk, for example) often having rather high humidity (60%-85%). Expect some days at 90 F/32 C or above and occasional thunderstorms. Oceanfront or mountain recreation is best in the summer. Virginia has four distinct seasons, each with its own appeal to travelers. Summers are hot and humid, but comparatively cool in the mountains. July temperatures range from 65-83 F/18-27 C, with Tidewater areas (Norfolk, for example) often having rather high humidity (60%-85%). Expect some days at 90 F/32 C or above and occasional thunderstorms. Oceanfront or mountain recreation is best in the summer.
Highest Temperature 110 degrees
July 15, 1954 - Balcony Falls
Lowest Temperature -30 degrees
January 22, 1985 - Mountain Lake Biological Station
Avg. Temp:
High - Low
88.4 degrees
26.2 degrees

Virginia Points of Interest

America's Colonial and Civil War history is deeply entrenched into Virginia. Historic cities and sites like Appomattox, Arlington, Jamestown, Manassas, Petersburg, Richmond, Williamsburg and Yorktown justifiably attract thousands of visitors yearly.

In addition, Virginia's rivers and mountain scenery are a must see, and the cities of the southeast and the nearby Atlantic Ocean beaches will prove irresistible.

From the stunning Shenandoah Valley and Blue Ridge mountains of the northwest, across to Washington, DC, then south to the Hampton Roads areas, Virginia will amaze you, Virginia will impress you, and Virginia will welcome you with open arms.

Virginia Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations (Feet)

Mean Elevation: 950 feet

Highest Point: Mt. Rogers: 5,729 feet

Mt. Rogers: 5,729 feetThe Mount Rogers area contains some of the most rugged terrain and spectacular scenery in Virginia. Mount Rogers, because of its hard, resistant rhyolite bedrock, is the highest point of elevation in the state - 5729 feet above sea level. The region differs climatically from the surrounding area.

Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean
Sea level

Virginia Land Area (Square Miles)

Geographic Center In Buckingham County, 5 mi. SW of Buckingham
Longitude: 78°33.8'W
Latitude: 37°29.3'N
Total Area 42,774.20 sq. mi.
Land Area 39,594.07 sq. mi.
Water Area 3,180.13 sq. mi.
Forested Land Area 63.1%
(Length - Width)
430 miles - 200 miles
County Information and County History
Almanac Online
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