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The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 39 independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.
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Buckingham County, Virginia

Buckingham County Education, Geography, and History

County Seat: Buckingham
Year Organized: 1785
Square Miles: 581
Court House:

P.O. Box 252
County Courthouse
Buckingham, VA 23921-0252

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Buckingham was probably named for either the English county of Buckingham or for the Duke of Buckingham


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Buckingham County, Virginia formed from Albemarle and Appomattox Counties. Appomattox County gave only a small portion in 1859/60. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]

Buckingham County was named for either the English county or for the duke of Buckingham. Some sources say that the county's namesake is Archibald Cary's tract of land called Buckingham, on what was then Willis's Creek. It was formed from Albemarle County in 1761. Its area is 582 square miles, and the county seat is Buckingham. The population is 15,623 according to the 2000 census. Buckingham is one of the Commonwealth's Burned Records Counties. County court records were destroyed by fire in 1869. One plat book survived and some wills and deeds were later recorded.


The geographic center of Virginia is in Buckingham County. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 584 square miles (1,511 km2), of which, 581 square miles (1,504 km2) of it is land and 3 square miles (7 km2) of it (0.46%) is water.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Albemarle County, VA to the north
  • Appomattox County, VA to the southwest
  • Cumberland County, VA to the east
  • Fluvanna County, VA to the northeast
  • Nelson County, VA to the northwest
  • Prince Edward County, VA to the south


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