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Virginia Counties
The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 39 independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.

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Caroline County, Virginia

Caroline County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Bowling Green
Year Organized: 1728
Square Miles: 533
Court House:

P.O. Box 447
County Courthouse
Bowling Green, VA 22427-0447

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Caroline is named for Caroline of Ansbach, wife of George II of Great Britain

Demographics:

County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Caroline County, Virginia formed from Essex, King and Queen, and King William Counties. Legislative enactment in 1727. Organized in 1728. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]

Caroline County was named for Caroline of Anspach, consort of George II. It was formed from Essex, King and Queen and King William Counties in 1728, and additional parts of King and Queen were added in 1742 and 1762. Its area is 549 square miles, and the county seat is Bowling Green. According to the 2000 census, its population is 22,121. Most records prior to 1836 were destroyed during the Civil War. Some deeds and wills are recorded in extant Chancery Papers, and a considerable number of order books and loose papers survive.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Caroline County is bounded on the north by Stafford and King George counties; on the south by Hanover County; on the east by King William, King and Queen, and Essex counties; and on the west by Spotsylvania County.

Cities and Towns:

- Bowling Green (County Seat) town Incorporated Area
- Port Royal town Incorporated Area

County Resources:

Enter County Resources and Information Here

County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"

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