Virginia CountiesThe Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 39 independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.
Chesterfield County, Virginia
Chesterfield County History, Geography, and Demographics
Etymology - Origin of County Name
Chesterfield is named for Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Chesterfield County formed from Henrico County. Other changes seem to have occurred from 1849-1850. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]
Chesterfield County was named for Philip Dormer Stanhope, forth earl of Chesterfield, British statesman and diplomat, and was formed from Henrico County in 1749. Its area is 446 square miles, and the county seat is Chesterfield.
Chesterfield County is largely bordered by two rivers which define miles of its boundaries. The major adjoining cities each originated at the head of navigation of these river, called the fall line. There, the sandy and mostly flat eastern coastal plain region of Virginia turns into the hillier and rockier Piedmont region to the west. Portions of Chesterfield County extend across both regions.
At fall line of the James River, Richmond and Manchester were formed. Most of the northern portion of
Chesterfield County accounts for what is referred to as Metropolitan Richmond's "South Side". However, due to the
geography in which the James River approaches Richmond from almost due west, and turns almost due south below the
fall line for about 8 miles (13 km) before turning east again, the land within Henrico County encompasses much of
Metropolitan Richmond's West End, its North Side, and East End areas.
Cities and Towns:
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The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"