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Virginia Counties

The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 39 independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.


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Clarke County, Virginia

Clarke County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Berryville
Year Organized: 1836
Square Miles: 177
Court House:

102 N. Church Street, 2nd Fl.
County Courthouse
Berryville, VA 22611-1110

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Clarke is named for George Rogers Clark, a Continental military leader of the American Revolutionary War.

Demographics:

County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Clarke County, Virginia formed from Frederick and Warren Counties. Warren County contributed only a small portion in 1859/60. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]

Clarke County was named for George Rogers Clark (spelled without an e), who helped win the Northwest Territory for Virginia during the Revolution. The county was formed from Frederick County in 1836, and part of Warren County was added in 1860. Its area is 174 square miles, and the county seat is Berryville. White Post was named for the large signpost pointing the way to Lord Fairfax's office. During the Civil War, John S. Mosby, "the Gray Ghost" of the Confederacy, raided General Sheridan's supply train in the summer of 1864, in Berryville. The Battle of Cool Spring was fought in Clarke County on July 17th and 18th, 1864. The population is 12,652 according to the 2000 census. Had pages cut from several record books during the Civil War.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 178 square miles (462 kmē), of which, 177 square miles (457 kmē) of it is land and 2 square miles (4 kmē) of it (0.88%) is water.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Berkeley County, WV to the north
  • Fauquier County, VA to the southeast
  • Frederick County, VA to the west
  • Jefferson County, WV to the northeast
  • Loudoun County, VA to the east
  • Warren County, VA to the southwest
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County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"


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