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Virginia Counties

The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 39 independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.
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Cumberland County, Virginia

Cumberland County Education, Geography, and History

County Seat: Cumberland
Year Organized: 1749
Square Miles: 298
Court House:

P.O. Box 110, 1 Courthouse Circle
County Courthouse
Cumberland, VA 23040-0110

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Cumberland is named for Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, son of George II of Great Britain.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Cumberland County, Virginia formed from Goochland and Buckingham Counties. Legislative enactment in 1748. Organized in 1749. Buckingham gave only a small portion at a later date. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]

Cumberland County was named for William Augustus, duke of Cumberland, third son of George II. It was formed from Goochland County in 1749. Its area is 298 square miles, and the county seat is Cumberland.


According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 300 square miles (776 km2), of which, 298 square miles (773 km2) of it is land and 1 square miles (3 km2) of it (0.43%) is water.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Amelia County, VA to the southeast
  • Buckingham County, VA to the west
  • Fluvanna County, VA to the north
  • Goochland County, VA to the northeast
  • Powhatan County, VA to the east
  • Prince Edward County, VA to the south

Cities and Towns:

- Cumberland (County Seat)


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