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Virginia Counties The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 39 independent cities, which are
considered county-equivalents for census purposes.
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Fairfax County, Virginia
Fairfax County Education, Geography, and History
|County Seat: Fairfax
Year Organized: 1742
Square Miles: 396
12000 Government Center Parkway
County Government Center
Fairfax, VA 22035-0066
Etymology - Origin of County Name
Fairfax is named for Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron.
Census Bureau Quick Facts
Fairfax County, Virginia formed from Prince William and Loudoun Counties. Loudoun gave only a small portions,
possibly at a later date. It appears that there were further boundary changes ongoing between 1845 and 1847. [Virginia
Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as
Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical
Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]
Fairfax County was named for Thomas Fairfax, sixth baron Fairfax of Cameron, proprietor of the Northern Neck. It was
formed from Prince William County in 1742. Its area is 410 square miles, and the county seat is Fairfax. According to
the 2000 census, its population is 969,749. Original wills and deeds as well as many other loose papers were destroyed
during the Civil War; deed books for twenty-six of the fifty-six years between 1763 and 1819 are missing.
- Fairfax County is bounded on the north and southeast by the Potomac River. Across the river to the northeast is
Washington, D.C., across the river to the north is Montgomery County, Maryland, and across the river to the
southeast are Prince George's County, Maryland and Charles County, Maryland. The county is partially bounded on the
north and east by Arlington County and the independent cities of Alexandria and Falls Church. It is bounded on the
west by Loudoun County, and on the south by Prince William County.
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