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Virginia Counties
The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 39 independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.

Frederick County, Virginia

Frederick County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Winchester
Year Organized: 1743
Square Miles: 415
Court House:

107 N. Kent Street
County Courthouse
Winchester, VA 22601-5039

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Frederick is named for Frederick, Prince of Wales.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Frederick County, Virginia formed from Orange and Augusta Counties, Virginia. Legislative enactment in 1738. Organized in 1743. Augusta County gave only a small portion, at a later date than Orange County. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]

Frederick County was named for Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales and eldest son of George II. It was formed from Orange County in 1738, but the county government was not organized until 1743. Part of Augusta County was added later. Its area is 426 square miles, and the county seat is Winchester.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 416 square miles (1,076 kmē), of which, 415 square miles (1,074 kmē) of it is land and 1 square miles (3 kmē) of it (0.24%) is water. This is the northernmost county in the state of Virginia.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Clarke County, Virginia - east
  • Warren County, Virginia - south
  • Shenandoah County, Virginia - southwest
  • Hardy County, West Virginia - southwest
  • Hampshire County, West Virginia - west
  • Morgan County, West Virginia - north
  • Berkeley County, West Virginia - northeast
  • Winchester, Virginia - center (enclave)

Cities and Towns:

- Middletown town Incorporated Area
- Stephens City town Incorporated Area
- Winchester (County Seat) city Incorporated Area

County Resources:

Enter County Resources and Information Here

County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"