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The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 39 independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.
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Gloucester County, Virginia

Gloucester County Education, Geography, and History

County Seat: Gloucester
Year Organized: 1651
Square Miles: 217
Court House:

P.O. Box 329
County Courthouse
Gloucester, VA 23061-0329

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Gloucester is either named for the English county of Gloucester or in honor of Henry, Duke of Gloucester, Charles I of England's son.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Gloucester County, Virginia formed from York County. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]

Gloucester County was probably named for the English county, although it may have been meant to honor Henry, duke of Gloucester, the third son of Charles I. It was formed from York County in 1651. Its area is 225 square miles, and the county seat is Gloucester. According to the 2000 census, its population is 34,780. Gloucester is one of the Commonwealth's Burned Records Counties. All county court records were destroyed by an 1820 fire, and most of the records created after that date were destroyed in Richmond on 3 April 1865. Six minute books from the nineteenth century and two surveyor's record books survive.


According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 288 square miles (746 km2), of which, 217 square miles (561 km2) of it is land and 71 square miles (185 km2) of it (24.79%) is water

Neighboring Counties:

  • James City County, VA to the southwest
  • King and Queen County, VA to the west
  • Mathews County, VA to the east
  • Middlesex County, VA to the north
  • York County, VA to the south


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