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The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 39 independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.
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Hanover County, Virginia

Hanover County Education, Geography, and History

County Seat: Hanover
Year Organized: 1720
Square Miles: 473
Court House:

P.O. Box 470
County Courthouse
Hanover, VA 23069-0470

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Hanover is named for the Electorate of Hanover in Germany. George I was Elector of Hanover at the time when he also became King of England in 1714. In 1814, the Electorate of Hanover became a kingdom. Britain and Hanover remained in personal union through the reign of King William IV.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Hanover County, Virginia formed from New Kent County. Legislative enactment in 1720. Organized in 1721. A 20 Nov 1720 date is suggested by Robinson. (See p. 80.) [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]

Hanover County was named for George I, who at the time of his ascent to the English throne was elector of Hanover in Germany. The county was formed from New Kent in 1720. Its area is 471 square miles, and the county seat is Hanover.


According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 474 square miles (1,228 km2), of which, 473 square miles (1,224 km2) of it is land and 1 square miles (4 km2) of it (0.30%) is water.

It is bounded on the north by Spotsylvania, Caroline and King William counties; on the south by Goochland and Henrico counties; on the east by New Kent County; and on the west by Louisa County.

Hanover County is about 90 miles south of Washington, D.C., and about 12 miles north of Richmond.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Caroline County, VA to the northeast
  • Goochland County, VA to the southwest
  • Henrico County, VA to the south
  • King William County, VA to the northeast
  • Louisa County, VA to the west
  • New Kent County, VA to the southeast
  • Spotsylvania County, VA to the north


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