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Virginia Counties
Virginia County map
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Virginia Counties

The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into ninety-five counties and thirty-eight independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.

Highland County, Virginia

Highland County Education, Geography, and History

Highland County, Virginia Courthouse

Highland County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 2,321, in 2014, the population was estimated to be 2,297. Its county seat is Monterey. Known as "Virginia's Switzerland" or "Virginia's Little Switzerland".

Etymology - Origin of Highland County Name

Highland is named for the many mountains within its borders


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Highland County History

Highland County, Virginia formed from Bath and Pendleton Counties. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]

Highland County was named for its mountainous terrain. It was formed from Bath and Pendleton (West Virginia) Counties in 1847. Its area is 416 square miles, and the county seat is Monterey.

Geography: Land and Water

A foggy summer morning.As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 416 square miles (1,077 km2), of which, 416 square miles (1,077 km2) of it is land and 0 square miles (0 km2) of it (0.00%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Pendleton County, West Virginia - north
  • Augusta County, Virginia - southeast
  • Bath County, Virginia - southwest
  • Pocahontas County, West Virginia - west


Currently, Public education in Highland County for grades K-12 is provided by Highland County Public Schools.

There are no colleges or universities located in Highland County. There are several colleges and universities, however, within the neighboring counties and surrounding area. These include Blue Ridge Community College, James Madison University, Washington and Lee University, and the University of Virginia, among others. These institutions are generally within a two-hour drive from Highland County.

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