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Virginia Counties
Virginia County map
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Virginia Counties

The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into ninety-five counties and thirty-eight independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.

Lancaster County, Virginia

Lancaster County Education, Geography, and History

Lancaster County, Virginia Courthouse

Lancaster County is a county located on the Northern Neck in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 11,391. Its county seat is Lancaster.

Etymology - Origin of Lancaster County Name

Lancaster is named for Lancaster, England.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Lancaster County History

Lancaster County, Virginia formed from Northumberland and York Counties. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]

Lancaster County was named for the English county. It was formed from York and Northumberland Counties in 1651. Its area is 136.5 square miles, and the county seat is Lancaster.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 231 square miles (599 km2), of which, 133 square miles (345 km2) of it is land and 98 square miles (254 km2) of it (42.45%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Essex County, VA to the west
  • Middlesex County, VA to the south
  • Northumberland County, VA to the north
  • Richmond County, VA to the northwest


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