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Virginia Counties

The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 39 independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.
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Lancaster County, Virginia

Lancaster County Education, Geography, and History

County Seat: Lancaster
Year Organized: 1651
Square Miles: 133
Court House:

8311 Mary Ball Road
County Courthouse
Lancaster, VA 22503-2519

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Lancaster is named for Lancaster, England.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Lancaster County, Virginia formed from Northumberland and York Counties. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]

Lancaster County was named for the English county. It was formed from York and Northumberland Counties in 1651. Its area is 136.5 square miles, and the county seat is Lancaster.


According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 231 square miles (599 km2), of which, 133 square miles (345 km2) of it is land and 98 square miles (254 km2) of it (42.45%) is water.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Essex County, VA to the west
  • Middlesex County, VA to the south
  • Northumberland County, VA to the north
  • Richmond County, VA to the northwest


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