Lancaster County, Virginia formed from Northumberland and York Counties. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from
Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library,
Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]
Lancaster County was named for the English county. It was formed from York and Northumberland Counties in
1651. Its area is 136.5 square miles, and the county seat is Lancaster.
Geography: Land and Water
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 231 square miles (599 km2), of which, 133
square miles (345 km2) of it is land and 98 square miles (254 km2) of it (42.45%) is water.