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Rockbridge County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 22,307. Its county seat is Lexington. The independent cities of Buena Vista (6,680) and Lexington (7,170) are both enclaved within the county's geographical borders.
Rockbridge is named for the Natural Bridge within the county
County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts
Rockbridge County was established in October, 1777 from parts of now neighboring Augusta and Botetourt counties, and the first county elections were held in May 1778. Rockbridge County was named for Natural Bridge, a notable landmark in the southern portion of the county. Rockbridge County was formed during an act of assembly intended to reduce the amount of travel to the nearest courthouse, and to ensure trials were held fairly, and among friends rather than strangers. The first court session in Rockbridge County was held at the home of Samuel Wallace on April 7, 1778.
Rockbridge County, Virginia formed from Augusta and Botetourt Counties. Botetourt County gave an additional portion in 1887/88. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]
Rockbridge County was named for Natural Bridge, an exceptional rock formation located in the county. The county was formed from Augusta and Botetourt counties in 1778, and another part of Botetourt was added later. The area is 604 square miles, and the county seat is Lexington.
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 601 square miles (1,557 km2), of which, 600
square miles (1,553 km2) of it is land and 1 square miles (4 km2) of it (0.22%) is water. The land area figures do
not include the independent cities of Buena Vista and Lexington.
Bordering counties are as follows: