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Florida Counties

There are sixty-seven counties in the state of Florida. In 1821, there were only two Counties in Florida: Escambia to the west and St. Johns to the east. From these two Counties were formed 67 today. Its last county was created in 1925 with the formation of Gilchrist County from a segment of Alachua County.

Baker County, Florida

Baker County Education, Geography, and HistoryBaker County, Florida Courthouse

Baker County is a county located in the state of Florida. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 27,115. The county was created in 1861. The county seat is Macclenny.  Baker county is named for James McNair Baker, a judge and Confederate Senator.

Baker County is included in the Jacksonville, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Baker County Name

Baker county is named for James McNair Baker, Fourth Municipal District, Confederate Senator.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Baker County History

In 1861 by an act of the legislature, Baker County became the 39th county in Florida. The county was named for Honorable James McNair Baker, former Judge of the Fourth Judicial District of the State of Florida.

The first county seat was located in Sanderson until February 1, 1886 when it was moved to Macclenny. The county is named after C.B. Macclenny, a big timber salesman. The town was incorporated April 11, 1887, and a revised map was recorded on March 4, 1889.

Olustee Battlefield, a state historic site located in Baker County, is a memorial to the major engagement of the Civil War in Florida. The battlefield, on US 90 two miles east of Olustee, covers 270 acres.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the main businesses were: cattle raising, turpentining, lumbering, and farming. Osceola National Forest has played an important roll in the economy of the county.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 589 square miles (1,525 km2), of which, 585 square miles (1,516 km2) of it is land and 4 square miles (10 km2) of it (0.62%) is water.

Baker county is located in north Florida. A large part of the Osceola National Forest lies within its boundaries.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • North: Ware County, Ga.
  • Northeast: Charlton County, Ga.; Nassau County
  • East: Duval County
  • Southeast: Clay County
  • South: Bradford County
  • Southwest: Union County; Columbia County
  • Northwest: Clinch County, Ga.


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