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Florida Counties

There are sixty-seven counties in the state of Florida. In 1821, there were only two Counties in Florida: Escambia to the west and St. Johns to the east. From these two Counties were formed 67 today. Its last county was created in 1925 with the formation of Gilchrist County from a segment of Alachua County.

Leon County, Florida

Leon County Education, Geography, and HistoryLeon County, Florida Courthouse

Leon County is a county located in the state of Florida. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 275,487. Leon County was created on December 29, 1824 from Gadsden County. The county seat is Tallahassee, which also serves as the state capital. The county is named after the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon.

Leon County is included in the Tallahassee, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Tallahassee is home to two of Florida's major public universities, Florida State University and Florida A&M University. Leon County residents have the highest average level of education among Florida's 67 counties.

Etymology - Origin of Leon County Name

The county is named after the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Leon County History

Originally part of Escambia and later Gadsden County, Leon County was created in 1824. The county is named for Juan Ponce de Leon, the Spanish explorer who was the first European to reach Florida. During the 1850s - 1860s, Leon County was a "cotton kingdom" and ranked 5th out of all of Florida and Georgia counties in the production of cotton from the 20 major plantations.

Geography: Land and Water

 As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 702 square miles (1,818 km2), of which, 667 square miles (1,727 km2) of it is land and 35 square miles (91 km2) of it (4.99%) is water.

 Leon county is located in northwest Florida. The county has rolling hills. The highest point is 280 feet (85 m) located in the north part of the county. Part of Apalachicola National Forest is located in Leon county.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • North: Grady County, Ga.
  • Northeast: Thomas County, Ga.
  • East: Jefferson County
  • Southwest: Wakulla County; Liberty County
  • Northwest: Gadsden County


The adult citizens of Leon County enjoy the highest level of education in the state of Florida followed by Alachua County with a total of 67.8%.

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