Georgia Counties
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Georgia Counties

Georgia is divided into one hundred and fifty-nine counties. The original eight counties of the State of Georgia were Burke, Camden, Chatham, Effingham, Glynn, Liberty, Richmond and Wilkes all created on February 5, 1777. The last new county to be established in Georgia was Peach County, established in 1924.

McDuffie County, Georgia

McDuffie County Education, Geography, and HistoryMcDuffie County, Georgia Courthouse

McDuffie County is a county located in the state of Georgia. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 21,875. The county was created on October 18, 1870.  The county seat is Thomson.  McDuffie county is named after the South Carolina governor and senator George McDuffie.

McDuffie County is part of the Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of McDuffie County Name

Georgia's 132nd county was named for George McDuffie, who was born in Georgia and served as a governor of and a senator from South Carolina.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

McDuffie County History

McDuffie County was created in 1870 from parts of Columbia and Warren counties. Georgia's 132nd county was named for George McDuffie, who was born in Georgia and served as a governor of and a senator from South Carolina.

There are several noteworthy historic sites in the county. These include the Rock House, a 1785 stone structure which is Georgia's oldest documented dwelling.

Also of interest is Wrightsboro, a community founded by Quakers in 1768. The Quakers all departed by the early 1800s because of their opposition to slavery and the town gradually declined after residents refused the railroad a right-of-way.

Points of Interest

Gold was discovered near Thomson in 1823, although local gold mines only produced a total of $80,000 in gold bullion.

The presence of Interstate 20 and its location within commuting distance of Augusta should continue to provide an economic boost to McDuffie County.

Notable Citizens

Notable persons from McDuffie County was Thomas Edward Watson, a US Senator and leader of the Populist Party. He is credited with being the "Father of Rural Free Delivery." Also, Blind Willie McTell, one of the true pioneers and all-time greats of country blues guitar, was born in Thomson in 1901. Among his works are blues standards such as "Statesboro Blues", "Broke Down Engine Blues", and "Love Changing Blues" that have been popularized by famous present day artists.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 266 square miles (690 km2), of which 257 square miles (670 km2) is land and 8.9 square miles (23 km2) (3.4%) is water.

 McDuffie county is located in northeast Georgia. The county is in the Savannah River basin.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • North: Lincoln County
  • Northeast: Columbia County
  • Southeast: Richmond County
  • South: Jefferson County
  • Southwest: Warren County
  • Northwest: Wilkes County


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