Indiana Counties
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Indiana Counties

Indiana is divided into ninety-two counties. The oldest and newest Counties in Indiana are Knox County (created 1790) and Newton County (created 1857).Many Indiana counties are named for the US Founding Fathers and personalities of the American Revolutionary War, the War of 1812 and Battle of Tippecanoe; early leaders of Indiana Territory and Indiana, as well as surrounding states like Michigan and Kentucky; plus Native American tribes and geographical features.

Martin County, Indiana

Martin County Education, Geography, and HistoryMartin County, Indiana Courthouse

Martin County is a county located in the state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 10,334. Martin County was created on February 1, 1820. The county seat is Shoals. The county is named for Major John T. Martin, hero of the War of 1812.

Etymology - Origin of Martin County Name

The county is named for Major John T. Martin of Newport, Kentucky.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

MartinCounty History

Originally a part of Daviess County, Martin was organized as a separate county February 1, 1820.  It was named for Maj. John T. Martin of Newport, Kentucky

Martin County is divided into 9 Civil Townships as follows: Baker, Brown, Center, Halbert, Lost River, McCameron, Mitcheltree, Perry and Rutherford. The township once known as Columbia in now included mostly in Halbert Township although small portions are included in Center and Lost River Townships.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 341 square miles (882 km2), of which 336 square miles (871 km2) is land and 4 square miles (11 km2) (1.29%) is water.

Martin county is located in south Indiana. Part of the county belongs to the Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division, and about a quarter of the county belongs to Hoosier National Forest.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Northeast: Lawrence County
  • Southeast: Orange County
  • South: Dubois County
  • West: Daviess County
  • Northwest: Greene County


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