Indiana State Almanac: Facts and Figures

Quick Facts, Figures, and Overview of the State of Indiana

Indiana Almanac: Fast Facts and Figures on the State of Indiana

Indiana is one of the East North Central states of the US. The state of IN covers a total area of 36,418 sq. miles. The bordering states of Indiana are Kentucky, Ohio, Michigan, and Illinois. Indiana was the name given to the Indiana Territory by the United States Congress when Indiana was created from the Northwest Territory in 1800. It means "Land of Indians."

Manufacturing became the chief economic activity of Indiana in the early 20th century, but at the start of the 1990s the state was also a major producer of farm commodities, especially corn, soybeans, and hogs. Indianapolis, the capital, and Gary were big industrial centers. Indiana's 41-mile Lake Michigan waterfront- one of the world's great industrial centers- turns out iron, steel, and oil products. Products include automobile parts and accessories, mobile homes and recreational vehicles, truck and bus bodies, aircraft engines, farm machinery, and fabricated structural steel. Wood office furniture and pharmaceuticals are also manufactured.

Much of the building limestone used in the US is quarried in Indiana, which is also a large producer of coal. Other mineral commodities include crushed stone, cement, and sand and gravel.

Indiana Almanac: Facts and Figures on Indiana

Official Name Indiana
Capital Indianapolis
Nicknames Hoosier State ...and more
Motto The crossroads of America (1937)
39.77640 N, 086.14619 W
Constitution Ratified 1851
Statehood December 11, 1816
19th state
Population 6,483,802 (2010)
169.51sq. mi.
Largest City
(by population)
10 largest cities (2010): Indianapolis, 820,445; Fort Wayne, 253,691; Evansville, 117,429; South Bend, 101,168; Hammond, 80,830; Bloomington, 80,405; Gary, 80,294; Carmel, 79,191; Fishers, 76,794; Muncie, 70,085
Bordering States North: Illinois and Michigan (Lake Michigan forms part of the North West boundary)
East: Ohio
South: Kentucky (Ohio River forms the Southern boundary)
West: Illinois (Wabash River forms part of the Western boundary)
Major Industry agriculture (corn, soybeans, wheat), manufacturing, mining (coal, limestone), steel-making
Major Rivers Ohio River, Wabash River, White River, Tippecanoe River
Major Lakes Mississinewa Lake, Lake Michigan
Indiana Counties 92 Counties in Indiana
Largest County
(by population)
Marion County
903,393 (2010)
396 sq. mi.
Largest County
(by area)
Allen County
657 sq./ mi.
State parks 23 (56,409 ac.)
State historic sites 17( 2,007 ac.)
Electoral Votes 11 (as of the 2004 Presidential Election)
US Congress 2 Senators; 10 Representatives (9 Representatives as of the 2002 election)
Time Zone Eastern Standard Time (Primarily)

Central Standard Time

Zip Codes NANPA
State Quick Facts Census Bureau Quick Facts

Indiana Climate and Weather

Indiana has hot summers and cold winters, with fairly high humidity. The combination of warm temperatures and high humidity can make July and early August a bit uncomfortable, particularly in the southern parts of the state. Temperatures can climb to the high 90s F/mid 30s C. Expect late spring and fall temperatures to range from a low of 40 F/4 C to a high of 65 F/19 C. A sweater or jacket will be needed in the evenings. Those visiting in winter will find plenty of snow - as much as 40 in/102 cm falls near Lake Michigan. January temperatures average 16 to 41 F/-14 to 5 C.
Highest Temperature 116 degree
July 14, 1936 - Collegeville
Lowest Temperature -36 degrees
January 19, 1994 - New Whiteland
Avg. Temp:
High - Low
88.8 degrees
15.8 degrees

Indiana Points of Interest

Some of Indiana's most popular attractions include Amish Country, College Football Hall of Fame, Lincoln's Boyhood Log Cabin home, Indiana Dunes, Indianapolis Motor Speedway and museum, the southern Indiana caves and waterfalls, West Baden and French Lick are well known for their mineral springs, and Tippecanoe Battlefield Memorial Park.

Indiana Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations (Feet)

Mean Elevation: 700 feet
Highest Point: Hoosier Hill: Franklin Township, Wayne County: 1,257 feet

Hoosier Hill: Franklin Township, Wayne County: 1,257 feetThe highest point in Indiana is Hoosier Hill in Franklin Township at 1,257 feet above sea level. The highpoint is in Wayne County - about 10 miles north of I-70.

Lowest Point: Ohio River
320 feet

Indiana Land Area (Square Miles)

Geographic Center In Boone County, 14 mi. NNW of Indianapolis
Longitude: 86°16.0'W
Latitude: 39°53.7'N
Total Area 36,417.73 sq. mi.
Land Area 35,866.90 sq. mi.
Water Area 550.83 sq. mi.
Forested Land Area 19.6%
(Length - Width)
270 miles - 140 miles
County Information and County History
Almanac Online
Almanac Online
Information on people & places that make US a great place to live, visit, or study.