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Ohio Counties

There is eighty-eight counties in the state of Ohio. Washington County the oldest in the state established on July 27, 1788. Noble County was formed on March 11, 1851 from portions of Guernsey, Morgan, Monroe and Washington counties. It was the last county to be formed in Ohio and, therefore, represents the youngest county in the state.

Auglaize County, Ohio

Auglaize County Education, Geography, and HistoryAuglaize County, Ohio Courthouse

Auglaize Countyis a county located in the state of Ohio. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 45,949. Its county seat is Wapakoneta.

Auglaize County comprises the Wapakoneta, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Lima-Van Wert-Celina, OH Combined Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Auglaize County Name

The county is named for the Auglaize River. Some sources say it is a corruption of the French description of the clay (glaise) water (eau),whereas others say it comes from a Native American word meaning 'fallen timbers'. Another weak possibility according to Lakehistory.info is that it could have been the French term la glace [*aux glaces?], which means 'mirror', or 'ice' ['at the ices'?].

There is something to be said for the unattested eau glaise 'clay water' (as if 'dirty water'), like attested terre glaise 'clay soil', but both Ramsey and Stewart agree that Auglaize (and variants, implying "*aux glaises") is American French for 'at the lick(s)', literally 'at the clays', where wild beasts came to lick salt and minerals from the soil, and fulfilling the lacuna in standard French for a "salt lick." The spelling "glaize" is archaic (as in Cotgrave's French-English dictionary of 1611). In addition, in Arkansas there is a creek and mountain Glazypeau, from French glaise à Paul 'Paul's lick'. The assumed indigenous American (Algonquian) "'fallen timbers' or 'overgrown with brush'" has no support without any attested etymons supplied and would not match phonetically in the case of Shawnee.."


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Auglaize County History

Formed on February 14, 1848, Auglaize County was named from a French word meaning "clay-filled water."The county was originally parts of Allen and Mercer Counties.

Auglaize County is located in the western part of Ohio. Its county seat is Wapakoneta, which is the largest city in the county with a population of 9,474 people in 2000. St. Mary's is a close second in population, with just over 8,300 residents in 2000. The county's 402 square miles are predominantly rural, with approximately 116 people living in each square mile. Only 1.7 percent of the county was deemed to be urban. Between 1995 and 2000, the county experienced a 4.5 percent drop in population, a trend that holds true for many of Ohio's more rural counties.

Most of Auglaize County's residents (roughly thirty percent) find employment in manufacturing positions. They especially produce rubber products, hydraulic equipment, radios, and television tubes. An additional twenty percent of the county's workforce is affiliated with either the state or local government or service industries. In 1999, the per capita income was 25,071 dollars, with just over six percent of the county's residents living below the poverty level.

Most voters in Auglaize County claim to be independents, yet in recent years, they have overwhelmingly supported Republican candidates at the national level.

Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the Moon, ranks among Auglaize County's most famous residents. The Ohio Historical Society's Neil Armstrong Air and Space Museum is located in Wapakoneta.

Auglaize County Ohio History Central, July 23, 2008,

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 402 square miles (1,040 km2), of which 401 square miles (1,040 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.1%) is water.[ It is the second-smallest county in Ohio by total area.

The county is crossed by the Auglaize River and the Miami and Erie Canal. The headwaters of the Saint Marys River, the Great Miami River and the Scioto River as well as portions of Grand Lake St. Marys and Lake Loramie are located within the county

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Van Wert County (northwest)
  • Allen County (north)
  • Mercer County (west)
  • Hardin County (easty)
  • Darke County (southwest)
  • Shelby County (south)
  • Logan County (northeast)


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