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Ohio Counties

There is eighty-eight counties in the state of Ohio. Washington County the oldest in the state established on July 27, 1788. Noble County was formed on March 11, 1851 from portions of Guernsey, Morgan, Monroe and Washington counties. It was the last county to be formed in Ohio and, therefore, represents the youngest county in the state.

Highland County, Ohio

Highland County Education, Geography, and HistoryHighland County, Ohio Courthouse

Highland County is a county located in the state of Ohio. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 43,589. Its county seat is Hillsboro. The county is named for the topography which is hilly and divides the watersheds of the Little Miami and Scioto Rivers.

Etymology - Origin of Highland County Name

Residents chose the name Highland because the county is situated on high land between the Scioto and Little Miami Rivers.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Highland County History

On February 18, 1805, the Ohio government authorized the creation of Highland County. The county was originally parts of Ross, Adams, and Clermont Counties. Residents chose the name Highland because the county is situated on high land between the Scioto and Little Miami Rivers.

Highland County is located in southeastern Ohio. It is predominantly rural, with less than one percent of the county's 553 square miles consisting of urban areas. The county seat is Hillsboro, which, with a population of 6,368 people, was the county's largest city in 2000. Unlike many of Ohio's more rural counties, Highland County experienced a sizable increase in population - roughly 14.4 percent - between 1990 and 2000, raising the total number of residents to 40,875 people. The county averages seventy-four people per square mile.

The largest employers in Highland County are manufacturing businesses. Retail positions and government are the second and third largest employers respectively. The county does have a tourist industry, with Fort Hill State Memorial, Rocky Fork State Park, and Paint Creek State Park being the primary attractions. In 1999, the per capita income in the county was approximately 19,200 dollars, with 12.5 percent of the people living in poverty.

Most voters in Highland County claim to be independents, yet in recent years, they have overwhelmingly supported Republican Party candidates at the national level.

Cartoonist Milton Caniff and temperance advocate Eliza Jane Thompson, who founded the Women's Christian Temperance Union, rank among the counties more prominent residents. Ohio Governors Allen Trimble and Joseph B. Foraker also resided in the county.

Highland County, Ohio History Central, July 23, 2008,

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 558 square miles (1,450 km2), of which 553 square miles (1,430 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (0.8%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Fayette County (north)
  • Ross County (northeast)
  • Pike County (east)
  • Adams County (southeast)
  • Brown County (southwest)
  • Clinton County (northwest)


School districts

Highland County is home to five school districts: Greenfield Exempted Village Schools in Greenfield, Hillsboro City Schools in Hillsboro, Fairfield Local School District in Leesburg, Bright Local School District in Mowrystown, and Lychburg-Clay Local School District in Lynchburg.

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