Ohio Counties
Ohio County map
Click Image to Enlarge

Ohio Counties

There is eighty-eight counties in the state of Ohio. Washington County the oldest in the state established on July 27, 1788. Noble County was formed on March 11, 1851 from portions of Guernsey, Morgan, Monroe and Washington counties. It was the last county to be formed in Ohio and, therefore, represents the youngest county in the state.

Scioto County, Ohio

Scioto County Education, Geography, and HistoryScioto County, Ohio Courthouse

Scioto County is a county located in the south central region of the state of Ohio. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 79,499.Its county seat is Portsmouth. The county was founded March 24, 1803 from Adams County and is named for an Indian word referring to deer or deer-hunting.

Scioto County comprises the Portsmouth, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Charleston-Huntington-Ashland, WV-OH-KY Combined Statistical Area. It is located at the confluence of the Scioto and Ohio rivers.

Etymology - Origin of Scioto County Name

Residents took the county's name from a Native American word referring to the deer that were plentiful in the area.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Scioto County History

On March 24, 1803, the State of Ohio authorized the creation of Scioto County. Residents took the county's name from a Native American word referring to the deer that were plentiful in the area. Located at the intersection of the Ohio River and the Scioto River, the county grew quickly because of increasing river traffic. Scioto County continued to prosper with the construction of the Ohio and Erie Canal during the 1820s and the 1830s.

Scioto County is located in southern Ohio and its southern border lies on the Ohio River. In 2000, there were 79, 195 people living in the county. Scioto County is part of Appalachia and is predominantly rural, with 1.6 percent of the county's 612 square miles consisting of urban areas. The county seat is Portsmouth. Scioto County experienced a 1.4 per cent decrease in population between 1990 and 2000. The county averages almost 129 people per square mile.

Service industries and retail businesses are the largest employers in Scioto County. Many county residents are employed in government, farming, and manufacturing. One of the county's larger employers is Shawnee State University in Portsmouth. The Southern Ohio Correctional Facility is also located in Scioto County. In 1999, the per capita income in the county was 18,978 dollars, with twenty-one percent of the people living in poverty.

Most voters in Scioto County claim to be independents.

Among other prominent people, cowboy actor Roy Rogers lived in Scioto County for several years

Scioto County, Ohio History Central, July 24, 2008,

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 616 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 610 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 5.9 square miles (15 km2) (1.0%) is water. Many parts of Scioto County are heavily forested, especially in the western half of the county with Shawnee State Park.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Pike County (north)
  • Jackson County (northeast)
  • Lawrence County (east)
  • Greenup County, Kentucky (south)
  • Lewis County, Kentucky (southwest)
  • Adams County (west)


Colleges and universities

Scioto County used to be home to Ohio University Southern Campus; however, it moved to Lawrence County (Ironton) in the early 1980s. The former Ohio University buildings became home to Shawnee State University, which was founded in 1986 as Ohio's thirteenth and newest institution, after first becoming Shawnee State Community College. Scioto County is also home to Daymar College, which has in excess of 300 students (summer 2010).

K-12 schools

Scioto County has ten public school districts, one private school system, and one charter school system as well as several Christian schools. These districts include Bloom-Vernon (South Webster), Clay, Green, Minford, New Boston, Northwest, Notre Dame (Catholic), Portsmouth, Sciotoville Community School/East HS (charter), Valley, Washington-Nile (Ports. West) and Wheelersburg.

Compare More Colleges and Universities
Find the Right School

Find more schools to match to your needs.

County Resources
US Counties
Click Image to Enlarge