South Dakota Counties
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South Dakota Counties

There are sixty-six counties in the state of South Dakota. Todd County and Oglala Lakota County are the only counties in South Dakota which do not have their own county seats

Gregory County, South Dakota

Gregory County Education, Geography, and History

Gregory County, South Dakota Courthouse

Gregory County is a county located in the state of South Dakota. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 4,271. Its county seat is Burke. The county was created in 1862 and organized in 1898. It was named for the politician J. Shaw Gregory.

Etymology - Origin of Gregory County Name

Gregory is named for C.H. Gregory, an officer stationed at Fort Randall.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Gregory County History

Gregory County as named for C. H. Gregory, an officer in the US Army stationed at Ft. Randall. A rivalry for county seat honors sprang up between Fairfax and Bonesteel, which for several years was the source of considerable controversy. In 1898, the county was organized by order of Governor Lee. Fairfax received a majority of votes in an August 1898 election and was declared the county seat. As early as 1906 an effort was made to move the county seat farther west, but efforts failed. In 1916 the matter was again brought up and after one of the bitterest fights in the county's history the seat was moved to Burke.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,053 square miles (2,728 km2), of which, 1,016 square miles (2,631 km2) of it is land and 38 square miles (97 km2) of it (3.56%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Lyman County, South Dakota - north
  • Charles Mix County, South Dakota - east
  • Boyd County, Nebraska - south
  • Keya Paha County, Nebraska - southwest
  • Tripp County, South Dakota - west


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