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Louisiana Parishes
Louisiana County map
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Louisiana Parishes

Louisiana is divided into sixty-four parishes. On March 31, 1807, the territorial legislature divided the state into 19 parishes, without getting rid of the old counties (which continued to exist until 1845). In 1811, a constitutional convention organized the state into seven judicial districts, each consisting of groups of parishes. In 1816, the first official map of the state used the term, as did the 1845 constitution. Since then, the official term has been parishes.

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Grant Parish, Louisiana

Grant Parish Education, Geography, and HistoryGrant Parish, Louisiana Courthouse

Grant Parish is a parish located in the north central portion of the state of Louisiana. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 20,309. The parish seat is Colfax. The parish was founded in 1869.

Grant Parish is part of the Alexandria, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area and Red River Valley. From 1940-1960, the parish had a dramatic population loss, as many African Americans left in the Great Migration to seek better opportunities elsewhere. Such migration continued until about 1970. The parish was also one of the eleven Reconstruction parishes created, created from Winn and Rapides parishes.

Etymology - Origin of Grant Parish Name

Grant was one of several new parishes created by the Reconstruction legislature in an attempt to build the Republican Party. Founded in 1869, it had a slight majority of freedmen. It was named for US President Ulysses S. Grant

Demographics:

County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Grant County History

Grant Parish was originally a part of the more populous Rapides Parish to the south. Prior to the American Civil War, the center of activity focused upon "Calhoun's Landing," named for the cotton and sugar planter Meredith Calhoun, a native of South Carolina. Calhoun also published the former National Democrat newspaper in what became Colfax, the seat of government of the new parish.

Grant Parish was created by Act 82 of March 4, 1869, from Rapides and Winn Parishes and the parish was named in honor of US President Ulysses S. Grant. The Parish seat is Colfax. The Courthouse had an unkown records loss in the 1880's.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 665 square miles (1,720 km2), of which 643 square miles (1,670 km2) is land and 22 square miles (57 km2) (3.3%) is water.

Neighboring Parishes

Bordering parishes and counties are as follows:

  • North: Winn Parish
  • East: La Salle Parish
  • South: Rapides Parish
  • Northwest: Natchitoches Parish

Education

Public schools in Grant Parish are operated by the Grant Parish School Board.

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