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Louisiana Parishes

Louisiana is divided into 64 parishes in the same way that 48 of the other states of the United States are divided into counties (Alaska is divided into boroughs and census areas).
On March 31, 1807, the territorial legislature divided the state into 19 parishes, without getting rid of the old counties (which continued to exist until 1845).In 1811, a constitutional convention organized the state into seven judicial districts, each consisting of groups of parishes. In 1816, the first official map of the state used the term, as did the 1845 constitution. Since then, the official term has been parishes.
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Jackson Parish, Louisiana

Jackson Parish Education, Geography, and HistoryJackson Parish, Louisiana Courthouse

Jackson Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,274. The parish seat is Jonesboro. The parish was formed in 1845 from parts of Claiborne, Ouachita, and Union Parishes.

East of Jonesboro is the Jimmie Davis State Park, which includes Caney Lake Reservoir.

Etymology - Origin of Jackson Parish Name

The parish was named in honor of U.S. President Andrew Jackson.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Jackson County History

Jackson Parish was created on 1845, from Claiborne, Ouachita and Union Parishes and the parish was named in honor of U.S. President Andrew Jackson. The Parish seat is Jonesboro. A courthouse fire in Vernon, before the parish seat was moved to Jonesboro, destroyed most of the records prior to then. The first courthouse, built in Jonesboro in 1912, was almost completely destroyed by an explosion. Fortunately few, if any, of our records were destroyed.

A small log cabin was constructed to serve as the first courthouse in the town of Vernon. When the seat of justice was transferred to Jonesboro, a courthouse was constructed, but 30 years later it was completely destroyed due to a mysterious explosion. The current courthouse was completed in 1938 and has a jail on the top floor.


According to the US Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 580 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 569 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.9%) is water

Neighboring Parishes:

  • Northeast: Ouachita Parish
  • Southeast: Caldwell Parish
  • South: Winn Parish
  • West: Bienville Parish
  • Northwest: Lincoln Parish


Public schools in Jackson Parish are operated by the Jackson Parish School Board.

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