Louisiana is divided into sixty-four parishes. On March 31, 1807, the territorial legislature divided the state into 19 parishes, without getting rid of the
old counties (which continued to exist until 1845). In 1811, a constitutional convention organized the state into seven judicial districts, each consisting of groups of
parishes. In 1816, the first official map of the state used the term, as did the 1845 constitution. Since then, the official term has been parishes.
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Richland Parish was created on 1869, from Ouachita, Carroll, Franklin and Morehouse Parishes and the parish was
named in honor of its rich land. The Parish seat is Rayville.
Richland Parish Courthouse - 1952
The first courthouse, built in 1870 in the parish seat of Rayville was a two room wood frame building. It was
later sold to a church organization who rolled it to the bank of the river, floated it ten miles downstream and
converted it to a church which remains in use today. The present courthouse is the parish's third and was completed
Geography: Land and Water
As reported by the Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 565 square miles (1,460 km2), of which 559 square miles (1,450 km2) is
land and 5.5 square miles (14 km2) (1.0%) is water
Bordering parishes and counties are as follows:
North: Morehouse Parish
Northeast: West Carroll Parish; East Carroll Parish
East: Madison Parish
Southeast: Franklin Parish
Southwest: Caldwell Parish
West: Ouachita Parish
Public schools in Richland Parish are operated by the Richland Parish School Board.