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Missouri has 114 Counties and one independent city. St. Louis City is separate from St. Louis County and is referred to as a "city not within a county."
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Gasconade County, Missouri

Gasconade County Education, Geography, and History

County Seat: Hermann
Year Organized: 1820
Square Miles: 520
Court House:

119 E. 1st Street
County Courthouse
Hermann, MO 65041-1185

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Named for the Gasconade River. Gasconade may be one of the early satirical nicknames, like Paincourt, meaning "short of bread" for St. Louis, which has survived. It probably derived from the French word gascon meaning "boaster, braggart" which may have been applied to the people who lived along the river and who may have been inclined to brag about their exploits when they returned to St. Louis.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

History of Gasconade County

Organized by an act of the territorial legislature on November 25, 1820, before Missouri became a state, from Franklin County. All the unorganized portion (nearly one fourth) of the state south and west was attached to it. It was frequently referred to as the "State of Gasconade." In 1841 it was divided, and Osage County formed. In 1869, thirty- six square miles were transferred to Crawford County. On the north is the Missouri River; on the west, Osage and Maries Counties; on the south, Phelps and Crawford; and on the east, Franklin County. It is named for the Gasconade River (q.v.) which empties into the Missouri River within its boundaries. It originally included most of the present Maries County. (Campbell, 208; HIST. FRANKLIN etc., 623-625; Wetmore, 75)

Source: Weber, Frank. "Place Names Of Six South Central Counties of Missouri." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1938.

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