State Facts - History Firsts
Facts - Missouri History Firsts
Catch up on your state trivia with these Missouri history firsts and interesting fun facts
about the state.
|Location & Region
||38.57190 N, 092.19045 W
||August 10, 1821
|Number of Counties
||115 Counties in Missouri
|St. Louis County
||508 sq mi.
- 1735 - Missouri's oldest community, Saint Genevieve, was founded as early as
- 1750 - Missouri is first in the nation in production of lead. Lead deposits led
the French to found Sainte Genevieve, the first permanent European settlement in Missouri,
- 1764 - Auguste Chouteau founded Saint Louis.
- 1811 - The most powerful earthquake to strike the United States occurred in 1811,
centered in New Madrid, Missouri. The quake shook more than one million square miles, and
was felt as far as 1,000 miles away.
- 1812 - In 1812 Missouri was organized as a territory and later admitted the 24th
state of the Union on August 10, 1821.
- 1820 - Callaway County was organized on November 25, 1820 and named for Captain
James Callaway who was killed in a fight with Indians near Loutre Creek.
- 1822 - Missouri State
Great seal Find out more...
- 1832 - Saint Louis University received a formal charter from the state of Missouri
in 1832, making it the oldest University west of the Mississippi.
- 1836 - Hermann, Missouri is a storybook German village with a rich wine-making
and riverboat history that is proudly displayed in area museums. Built in 1836 as the "New
Fatherland" for German settlers, the town has achieved national recognition because of its
quality wines and distinctive heritage
- 1860 - During Abraham Lincoln's campaign for the presidency, a dyed-in-the-wool
Democrat named Valentine Tapley from Pike County, Missouri, swore that he would never shave
again if Abe were elected. Tapley kept his word and his chin whiskers went unshorn from
November 1860 until he died in 1910, attaining a length of twelve feet six inches.
- 1865 - Missouri became the first slave state to free its slaves.
- 1870 - The first train of the Atlantic-Pacific Railway, which became the St.Louis-San
Francisco Railway, or "Frisco," arrived in 1870.
- 1884 - President Harry S. Truman was born in Lamar, May 8, 1884.
- 1889 - Aunt Jemima pancake flour, invented at St. Joseph, Missouri, was the first
self-rising flour for pancakes and the first ready-mix food ever to be introduced commercially.
- 1899 - The 'Show Me State' expression may have began in 1899
when Congressman Willard Duncan Vandiver stated, "I'm from Missouri and you've got to show
- 1904 - Ice-cream cones were first served in 1904 at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition
world's fair in St. Louis. Also, at the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904, the ice cream cone
was invented. An ice cream vendor ran out of cups and asked a waffle vendor to help by rolling
up waffles to hold ice cream.
- 1904 - At the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904, Richard Blechyden, served tea with
ice and invented iced tea.
- 1904 - The first Olympics held in the United States occurred in St. Louis.
- 1905 - Warsaw holds the state record for the low temperature of -40 degrees on
February 13, 1905.
- 1911 - The first Capitol in Jefferson City burned in 1837 and a second structure
completed in 1840 burned when the dome was struck by lightning on February 5, 1911.
- 1912 - The first parachute jump from an airplane was made at Jefferson Barracks,
St. Louis by Captain Berry on March 1, 1912.
- 1913 - Missouri State
Flag Find out more...
- 1915 - Missouri
State Day is Missouri
Day, the 3rd Wednesday in October
- 1917 - The present Capitol completed in 1917 and occupied the following year
is the third Capitol in Jefferson City and the sixth in Missouri history. The first seat
of state government was housed in the Mansion House, Third and Vine Streets, St. Louis;
the second was in the Missouri Hotel, Maine and Morgan Streets, also in St. Louis. St. Charles
was designated as temporary capital of the state in 1821 and remained the seat of government
until 1826 when Jefferson City became the permanent capital city.
- 1923 - The Hawthorn blossom
was adopted as Missouri State Floral emblem
- 1925 - The most destructive tornado on record occurred in Annapolis. In 3 hours,
it tore through the town on March 18, 1925 leaving a 980-foot wide trail of demolished buildings,
uprooted trees, and overturned cars. It left 823 people dead and almost 3,000 injured
- 1927 - Missouri State bird--native
Bluebird March 30, 1927
- 1949 - The "Missouri Waltz"
arranged by Frederick Knight Logan from a melody by John Valentine Eppel, with lyrics by
J. R. Shannon became Missouri state song
under an act adopted by the General Assembly on June 30, 1949
- 1954 - Warsaw holds the state record for the high temperature recorded, 118 degrees
on July 14, 1954.
- 1955 - On June 20, 1955, the flowering
dogwood (Cornus Florida L.) became
Missouri's official tree.
- Jefferson National Expansion Memorial consists of the Gateway Arch, the Museum of
Westward Expansion, and St. Louis' Old Courthouse, near the starting point of the Lewis
and Clark Expedition. The Gateway Arch is Missouri's tallest accessible building, and the
world's tallest arch. During a nationwide competition in 1947-48, architect Eero Saarinen's
inspired design for a 630-foot stainless steel arch was chosen as a perfect monument to
the spirit of the western pioneers. Construction of the Arch began in 1963 and was completed
on October 28, 1965. The Arch has foundations sunken 60 feet into the ground, and is built
to withstand earthquakes and high winds. It sways up to one inch in a 20 mph wind, and is
built to sway up to 18 inches.
- 1967 -
- 1985 - Missouri State insect--honey
bee July 3, 1985
- 1987 Jul 17 -
State musical instrument:
- 1989 - The crinoid
became Missouri state's official fossil
on June 16, 1989, after a group of Lee's Summit school students worked through the legislative
process to promote it as a state symbol.
- 1990 - Missouri
State Tree nut is the nut of the
Eastern black walnut tree
- 1993 - Missouri suffered the most from the devastating flood of 1993, when flood
crests set record heights along the Mississippi and Missouri rivers
- 1997 -
- 2002 - Missouri
State Horse is the Missouri
fox trotting horse
- 2004 - Missouri
State Dinosaur is the
- 2005 - Missouri
State Amphibian is the
North American bullfrog
- 2007 - Missouri State Game birdBobwhite quail
- 2008 - Missouri State Dessert Ice cream cone
2003 - The Norton/Cynthiana
grape became Missouri
Official State Grape
2007 - Missouri State Grass is the Big bluestem
2007 - Crayfish, also called crawfish and crawdad (SYMBSCI) was adopted
as Missouri State Invertebrate:
2007 - Missouri State Reptile is the Three-toed box turtle
More Missouri History Firsts - Missouri State Facts
- Missouri is known as the "Show Me State".
- Walt Disney grew up in Marceline. Disneyland's Main Street USA. is based on that town.
- Among the early immigrants to St. Louis were Adolphus Busch and Eberhard Anheuser, who
helped make brewing a national industry.
- The tallest monument built in the US, the Gateway Arch, in St. Louis, is 630 feet tall
- Missouri ties with Tennessee as the most neighborly state in the union, bordered by
- The state animal is the Mule.
- St. Louis; is also called, "The Gateway to the West" and "Home of the Blues".
- Kansas City has more miles of boulevards than Paris and more fountains than any city
- Kansas City has more miles of freeway per capita than any metro area with more than
1 million residents.
- The tallest man in documented medical history was Robert Pershing Wadlow from St. Louis.
He was 8 feet, 11.1 inches tall
- Creve Coeur's name means broken heart in French, comes from nearby Creve Coeur Lake.
Legend has it that an Indian princess fell in love with a French fur trapper, but the love
was not returned. According to the story, she then leapt from a ledge overlooking Creve
Coeur Lake; the lake then formed itself into a broken heart.
- Anheuser-Busch brewery in St. Louis, Missouri is the largest beer producing plant in
- Missouri was named after a tribe called Missouri Indians; meaning "town of the large
- Situated within a day's drive of 50% of the US population, Branson and the Tri-Lakes
area serves up to 65,000 visitors daily. Branson has been a "rubber tire" destination with
the vast majority of tourists arriving by vehicles, RVs and tour buses. Branson has also
become one of America's top motor coach vacation destinations with an estimated 4,000 buses
arriving each year.
- Charleston holds the Dogwood-Azalea Festival annually on the 3rd weekend of April. "Charleston
becomes a blooming wonderland."
- Jefferson City, Missouri, the state's capital, was named for Thomas Jefferson, the third
President of the United States.
- Laura Elizabeth Ingalls, writer of Little House on the Prairie grew up in Missouri.
- "Madonna of the Trail" monument in Lexington tells the story of the brave women who
helped conquer the west and is one of 12 placed in every state crossed by the National Old
Trails Road, the route of early settlers from Maryland to California.
- Soybeans bring in the most cash for Missourians as a crop.
- Missouri Day is the third Wednesday in October.
- On Sucker Day in Nixa, Missouri, school closes officially and the little town swells
to a throng of 15,000 hungry folks. All craving a taste of the much maligned but delicious
bottom dweller fish loathed by almost everyone else.
- Point of highest elevation: Taum Sauk Mountain,
540 meters (1,772 feet)
County Information and County History
Adair, Andrew, Atchison, Audrain, Barry, Barton, Bates, Benton, Bollinger, Boone, Buchanan, Butler, Caldwell, Callaway, Camden, Cape Girardeau, Carroll, Carter, Cass, Cedar, Chariton, Christian, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Cole, Cooper, Crawford, Dade, Dallas, Daviess, DeKalb, Dent, Douglas, Dunklin, Franklin, Gasconade, Gentry, Greene, Grundy, Harrison, Henry, Hickory, Holt, Howard, Howell, Iron, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Johnson, Knox, Laclede, Lafayette, Lawrence, Lewis, Lincoln, Linn, Livingston, Macon, Madison, Maries, Marion, McDonald, Mercer, Miller, Mississippi, Moniteau, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, New Madrid, Newton, Nodaway, Oregon, Osage, Ozark, Pemiscot, Perry, Pettis, Phelps, Pike, Platte, Polk, Pulaski, Putnam, Ralls, Randolph, Ray, Reynolds, Ripley, Saline, Schuyler, Scotland, Scott, Shannon, Shelby, St. Charles, St. Clair, St. Francois, St. Louis City, St. Louis, Ste. Genevieve, Stoddard, Stone, Sullivan, Taney, Texas, Vernon, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Webster, Worth, Wright
Britain's American colonies broke with their mother country in 1776 and were
then recognized as the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the 19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded across the North American continent and acquired a number of overseas possessions.