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Missouri has 114 Counties and one independent city. St. Louis City is separate from St. Louis County and is referred to as a "city not within a county."
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Madison County, Missouri

Madison County Education, Geography, and History

County Seat: Fredericktown
Year Organized: 1818
Square Miles: 497
Court House:

1 Court Square
County Courthouse
Fredericktown, MO 63645-1114

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Named for United States President James Madison.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

History of Madison County

Bounded on the north by St. Francois County, on the east by Perry and Bollinger counties, on the south by Bollinger and Wayne, and on the west by Iron County, Madison was created by Territorial Legislation in 1818. Originally the boundary on the west was Black River; it was reduced to its present size in 1867 when Iron County was formed. Originally the county was divided into three townships, viz: Castor (east), St. Michael (west), and Liberty (north). In 1821 two new townships were organized, Twelve Mile and German. At present there are ten townships. The first settlement within Madison County was made at Mine La Motte (q.v.). The county seat was established at Fredericktown (q.v.), in 1819. The name was given in honor of James Madison (1751-1836), President of the United States from 1809-1817, during the War of 1812. (Douglass I 167, Conard, Goodspeed 339-342)

Source: Hamlett, Mayme L. "Place Names Of Six Southeast Counties Of Missouri." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1938.

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