Missouri has one hundred and fourteen counties and one independent city. St. Louis City is separate from St. Louis
County and is referred to as a "city not within a county." Following the Louisiana Purchase and the admittance of Louisiana into the United States in 1812, five counties were formed out of the Missouri Territory at the first general assembly. Most subsequent counties were apportioned from these five original counties.
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McDonald County is a county located in the southwestern corner of the state of Missouri. Based on the 2010 census, the population was
23,083. Its county seat is Pineville. The county was organized in 1849 and named for Sergeant Alexander McDonald, a soldier in the American
McDonald County is part of the Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Etymology - Origin of McDonald County Name
Named for Alexander McDonald, Revolutionary War soldier.
Organized in 1849 and named for Sergeant McDonald, a South Carolina trooper in the Revolution.(1) Sturges remarks
that "it has been quite a difficult task to ascertain the origin of the name, but all the old settlers state that the
county was named after an officer in the Revolutionary War."(2) (1. R(Goodspeed (19), p. 179); 2. R(Sturges (20), p. 6)
Source: Bell, Margaret E. "Place Names In The Southwest Border Counties Of Missouri." M.A. thesis., University of
Geography: Land and Water
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 540 square miles (1,400 km2), of which 539 square miles (1,400 km2) is
land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.04%) is water