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Phelps County is a county located in the central portion of the state of Missouri. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 45,156.
The largest city and county seat is Rolla. The county was officially organized on November 13, 1857, and was named after US Representative
and Governor of Missouri John Smith Phelps.
As reported by the Census Bureau, it included the mean center of US population in 2000.
Phelps County comprises the Rolla, MO Micropolitan Statistical Area. Much of the county is included within the Ozark Highlands
Named for John F. Phelps, congressman and later governor of Missouri.
County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts
Organized from Crawford, Pulaski and Maries Counties by act of legislature November 13, 1857. On the north are Maries and Gasconade Counties; on the west, Pulaski County; on the south, Texas and Dent Counties; on the east is Crawford County. Named for John S. Phelps (1814-1866), a popular congressman at that time, who later became governor of Missouri (1876). (HIST. LACLEDE, 632; LAWS OF MISSOURI, 1857, 397)
Source: Weber, Frank. "Place Names Of Six South Central Counties of Missouri." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1938.
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 674 square miles (1,750 km2), of which 672 square miles (1,740 km2) is
land and 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) (0.4%) is water.
Bordering counties are as follows:
Of adults 25 years of age and older in Phelps County, 79.0% possesses a high school diploma or higher while 21.1% holds a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment.
Newburg R-II School District - Newburg
Phelps County R-III School District - Edgar Springs
Rolla School District 31 - Rolla
St. James R-I School District - St. James
Boys & Girls Town of Missouri School - St. James - (01-12) - Nonsectarian
Immanuel Lutheran School - Rolla - (K-06) - Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod
Rolla Seventh-day Adventist School - Rolla - (K-07) - Seventh-day Adventist
St. Patrick Elementary School - Rolla - (PK-08) - Roman Catholic