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Texas Counties

Texas is divided into two hundred and fifty-four counties, more than any other state. Texas was originally divided into municipalities, a unit of local government under Spanish and Mexican rule. When the Republic of Texas gained its independence in 1836, there were 23 municipalities, which became the original Texas counties. Many of these would later be divided into new counties. The most recent county to be created was Kenedy County in 1921. The most recent county to be organized was Loving County in 1931

Jack County, Texas

Jack County Education, Geography, and History

Jack County, Texas Courthouse

Jack County is a county located in the state of Texas. Based on the 2010 census, its population was 9,044. Its county seat is Jacksboro. The county was created in 1856 and organized the next year.It is named for Patrick Churchill Jack and his brother William Houston Jack, both soldiers of the Texas Revolution

Etymology - Origin of Jack County Name

Patrick Churchill Jack, attorney and early Texas colonist, and his brother William Houston Jack, both veterans of the Texas Revolution


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

JackCounty History

Jack County is a county located in the US state of Texas. Its county seat is Jacksboro. Jack County is named for Patrick Churchill Jack, and his brother William Houston Jack, both soldiers of the Texas Revolution.

Handbook of Texas Online
The Texas legislature approved the establishment of the county on August 27, 1856, and named it for William H. and Patrick C. Jack, participants in the Texas Revolution. It is the only county with that name in the United States. The Butterfield Overland Mail crossed the county. Fort Richardson, on Lost Creek near the site of present-day Jacksboro, was established by the United States Army in 1867 and completed in 1869. It was the most northern of the Texas frontier forts built to protect pioneers against Indian raids and was abandoned in 1878. Mesquiteville was designated county seat; the town was later renamed Jacksboro. More at
Robert Wayne McDaniel, "JACK COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed January 24, 2016. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 920 square miles (2,383 km2), of which, 917 square miles (2,374 km2) of it is land and 3 square miles (9 km2) of it (0.38%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Clay County (north)
  • Montague County (northeast)
  • Wise County (east)
  • Parker County (southeast)
  • Palo Pinto County (south)
  • Young County (west)
  • Archer County (northwest)


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