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Texas History Timeline
Important Dates, Events, and Milestones in Texas
Offers a chronological timeline of important dates, events,
and milestones in Texas history.
Corn farmers settle near the Presidio in the area where the Rio Grande and Rio Conchos join around 1500 BCE. It is now believed to be the oldest
continuously cultivated farmland in Texas. From 800–1500 BCE, the farmers and hunters build and occupy stone dwellings located southeast of Perryton
on the northern edge of the Panhandle. Today this area is called the Buried City. By 1400 CE Texasm composed of numerous small tribes, the Caddo
Confederacy establishes a agriculture-based civilization in east Texas. Today the Caddo Nation is a federally recognized tribe with its capital in
Spanish missionaries were the first European settlers in Texas, founding San Antonio in 1718. Hostile natives and isolation from other Spanish
colonies kept Texas sparsely populated until following the Revolutionary War and the War of Mexican Independence, when the newly established Mexican
government began to allow settlers from the U.S. to claim land there. Texas negotiated with the U.S. to join the union in 1845.
Early European Exploration and Settlement
1519 - Mid - Spanish explorer Alonso Alvarez de Pineda maps Texas
1528- Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca shipwrecked near Galveston begin
1541 - Francisco Vázquez de Coronado crosses the Texas Panhandle
in search of in search of the seven cities of Cibola.
1554 - Coronado dies. He is one of the first white men to
explore Texas, and leader of one of 20 Spanish explorations of the area.
1598 - April 30 - Thanksgiving is held near present-day El Paso
by Juan de Oñate, the members of his expedition and natives of the region.
1629 - Jumano Indians requested Spanish missionaries from New
Mexico to travel to the vicinity of present-day San Angelo and instruct
the Jumanos about Christianity.
1682 - First Spanish mission, Corpus Christi de la Isleta,
is established a few miles from present-day El Paso.
1685 - February 16 - French explorer Rene-Robert Cavelier,
Sieur de La Salle, looking for the mouth of the Mississippi River, lands
in Texas by mistake. He establishes a colony, Fort St. Louis, on Garcitas
Creek in present-day Victoria County.
March 19, 1687 - La Salle is killed by several of his own
men at an unknown East Texas location.
January 1688 - Colonists at Fort St. Louis not felled by Indians,
disease, poisonous snakes and malnutrition are finished off by Karankawa
1689 - April 2 - Spanish Gen. Alonso de León's expedition
finds the remains of Fort St. Louis. Fearing French intentions to lay
claim to Spanish territory, the Spanish begin establishing missions
and settlements in East Texas.
1690 - May - First East Texas mission under construction, San
Francisco de los Tejas, near present-day Weches, Houston Co. The mission
is closed in 1693.
1716-1789 -- Throughout the 18th Century, Spain established Catholic
missions in Texas, and the towns of San Antonio, Goliad and Nacogdoches.
1716 - Spanish build a presidio, Nuestra Señora de los Dolores
de los Tejas, to protect the East Texas missions.
1718 -May 1 - San Antonio de Valero mission, known as the Alamo
was the chapel, is founded in San Antonio.
1720 -February - San José y San Miguel de Aguayo mission founded
near San Antonio de Valero.
3 East Texas missions moved to San Antonio because of economic
troubles, and named Nuestra Señora de la Purisima Concepción de
Acuna, San Francisco de la Espada and San Juan Capistrano.
March 7 - 55e Canary Islanders arrive in San Antonio to establish
a civilian settlement, San Fernando de Béxar.
Aug. 1 - First election held in Texas, voters choose officials
of the municipal government of San Fernando.
1745 - Missions at San Antonio are producing thousands of
pounds of cotton annually.
1758 - March 16 - Santa Cruz de San Sabá mission near present-day
Menard destroyed and eight residents killed by Comanches and their allies.
1759 - August - Spanish troops on a retaliatory raid are defeated
by Indian residents of a large encampment at Spanish Fort in present-day
1766 - Sept. 4 - Texas' first recorded hurricane strikes near
1779 - Group of settlers led by Antonio Gil Ybarbo (sometimes
spelled Ibarvo or Y'barvo) establishes a civilian community near an
abandoned mission site; the new town is called Nacogdoches.
1810 - Sept. 16 - Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costillo and several
hundred of his parishioners seize the prison at Dolores, Mexico, beginning
Mexico's struggle for independence from Spain.
1812 -August 8 - About 130-men strong, the Gutierrez-Magee
Expedition crossed the Sabine from Louisiana in a rebel movement against
Spanish rule in Texas.
Texas' first newspaper, Gaceta de Texas, founded by José Alvarez
de Toledo in Nacogdoches.
Dec. 26 - Spanish government grants Moses Austin permission to
establish a colony of Anglo-Americans in the Texas area. When he
dies the following June, his son, Stephen F. Austin, receives authority
to continue the colonizing effort.
1814 - June- Moses Austin dies, his son, Stephen F. Austin,
receives authority to continue the colonizing effort.
1817-1820 - Jean Laffite occupied Galveston Island and used
it as a base for his smuggling and privateering.
1818 - September 12 - A hurricane wrecks the fleet of pirate
Jean Lafitte in Galveston.
Aug. 24 - Mexico gains independence from Spain.
October 13 Jane Long gives birth to the first Anglo child born
in Texas, a girl named Mary James.
1823 - Jan. 3 - Stephen F. Austin received a grant from the
Mexican government and began colonization in the region of the Brazos
River. Mexican officials approve Austin's plan to bring three hundred
families into his colony. This group becomes known as the "Old Three
Mid-1824 - Constitution of 1824 gave Mexico a republican form
of government. It failed to define the rights of the states within the
republic, including Texas
1826 - Dec. 21 - The Declaration of Independence of the republic
of Fredonia is signed at Nacogdoches.
1827- January 31 - This so-called Fredonian Rebellion is an
attempt by empresario Haden Edwards to separate his colony from Mexico.
The rebels flee when approached by Mexican troops.
1829 - October - First of several large groups of Irish immigrants
arrive to settle in South Texas.
1830 - April 6 - Mexican government stops legal immigration
into Texas from the United States except in special cases. Relations
between Anglo settlers and the Mexican government deteriorate.
1831 - Johann Friedrich Ernst, his wife and five children
are the first German family to arrive in Texas, settling in present-day
Revolution and the Republic of Texas
1832 - June 26 - First bloodshed of the Texas Revolution takes
place at Velasco when Texans, transporting a cannon from Brazoria to
Anahuac, are challenged by Mexican forces at Velasco. The Mexicans surrender
on June 29.
Oct. 2 - Mexican troops attempt to retrieve a cannon that had
been given to Gonzales colonists for protection from Indian attack.
The skirmish that ensues as Gonzales residents dare the Mexicans
to "come and take it" is considered the opening battle of the Texas
Oct. 10 - Gail Borden begins publishing the newspaper "Telegraph
and Texas Register" at San Felipe de Austin.
Nov. 1 - A "consultation" convenes at San Felipe; on Nov. 7 the
delegates agree to establish a provisional government.
Nov. 24 - The Texas Rangers organization is officially established
by Texas' provisional government. Although Stephen F. Austin had
hired 10 frontiersmen as "rangers" to help protect his colonists
against Indian raids in 1823, not until 1835 was the law-enforcement
group formally organized.
March 2 - Texas Declaration of Independence is adopted at Washington-on-the-Brazos.
March 6 - 3-day siege of the Alamo by Mexican troops led by Gen.
Antonio López de Santa Anna ends on this day with a battle in which
all remaining defenders are killed.
March 10 - Sam Houston abandons Gonzales and retreats eastward
to avoid the advancing Mexican army. Panicky settlers in the area
flee as well in an exodus called the Runaway Scrape.
March 27 - About 350 Texan prisoners, including their commander
James Fannin, are executed at Goliad by order of Santa Anna. An
estimated 30 Texans escape.
April 21 - In a battle lasting 18 minutes, Texan troops led by
Sam Houston defeat the Mexican army commanded by Santa Anna at San
Jacinto near present-day Houston. Houston reports that 630 Mexican
troops were killed and 730 were taken prisoner. Of the Texas troops,
nine of a force of 910 were killed or mortally wounded, and 30 were
less seriously wounded.
May 14 - Santa Anna and Texas' provisional president David Burnet
sign two Treaties of Velasco -- one public, the other secret --
ending the Texas Revolution. The treaties were, however, violated
by both sides. Texas' independence was not recognized by Mexico
and Texas' boundary was not determined until the Treaty of Guadalupe
Hidalgo, which ended the Mexican War, was signed in 1848.
Sept. 5 - Voters of the new republic choose their first elected
officials: Sam Houston becomes president and Lorenzo de Zavala,
vice president. The voters also overwhelmingly approve a referendum
requesting annexation by the United States. US President Martin
Van Buren refuses to consider it, however, citing fear of war with
Mexico and constitutional scruples.
Oct. - The first Congress of the Republic of Texas convenes at
1837 - Republic of Texas is officially recognized by the United
States, and later by France, England, the Netherlands and Belgium.
1839 - Aug. 1 - First sale of town lots in the new capital of
the Republic, which is named for Stephen F. Austin, is held.
March 19 - Comanches, led by a dozen chiefs, meet with officials
of Texas government to negotiate a peace treaty. Believing the Comanches
to have reneged on a promise to release all white prisoners, the
Texans take the chiefs prisoner. During the Council House fight
that follows, 35 Comanches are killed, as are seven Texans.
Aug. 5 - Near Hallettsville, Comanches, in retaliation for the
Council House Fight, begin killing and looting their way across
Central Texas. Texas Rangers and a volunteer army defeat the Comanches
on Aug. 11 at Plum Creek near Lockhart.
1841 - June 20 - The Santa Fé Expedition, launched without
Texas Congressional authorization by Pres. Mirabeau B. Lamar, leaves
Central Texas on its way west to establish trade with and solidify Texas'
claims to territory around Santa Fé. Members of group are taken prisoner
by Mexican troops, marched to Mexico City and imprisoned. They are finally
released in 1842.
1842 - The first seeds of large-scale German immigration to
Texas are sown when a German society, the Adelsverein, purchases land
for settlements in Central Texas.
Annexation and Statehood
February 1 - Baylor University is founded.
March 1 - US Congress passes a "Joint Resolution for Annexing
Texas to the United States."
mid-March - The first of many large groups of Germans arrive
in Central Texas, settling at New Braunfels.
July 4 - The Texas Constitutional Convention votes to accept
the United States annexation proposal; it drafts an Annexation Ordinance
and State Constitution to submit to the voters of Texas.
Oct. 13 - Texas voters overwhelmingly approve annexation, the
new state constitution and the annexation ordinance.
Dec. 29 - The US Congress approves, and President James K. Polk
signs, the "Joint Resolution for the Admission of the State of Texas
into the Union." Texas becomes the 28th state.
1848 - Feb. 2 - Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed, ending
the War with Mexico and specifying the location of the international
Feb. 11 - The first railroad to actually begin operation in Texas
is chartered by the state government. The Buffalo Bayou, Brazos
and Colorado begins operation in 1853.
Nov. 25 - Texas' governor signs the Compromise of 1850, in which
Texas gives up its claim to land that includes more than half of
what is now New Mexico, about a third of Colorado, a corner of Oklahoma
and a small portion of Wyoming in exchange for the United States'
assumption of $10 million in debt; Texas keeps its public lands.
1854 - Two reservations are established for Indians in West-Central
Texas: one for Comanches on the Clear Fork of the Brazos in Throckmorton
County, the other for more sedentary Indian groups, such as Tawakonis,
Wacos and Tonkawas, near Fort Belknap in Young County.
March 27 - Col. Robert E. Lee arrives in San Antonio. He serves
at Camp Cooper on the Comanche reservation beginning April 9. He
returns to Washington for a short time, coming back to San Antonio
and Fort Mason in February 1860.
April 29 - Fifty-three camels arrive at port of Indianola for
a US Army experiment using them for pack animals in the arid areas
of the Southwest.
1858 - Sept. 15 - Southern route of the Butterfield Overland
Mail crosses Texas on its way between St. Louis, Mo., and the West Coast.
Service discontinued in March 1861 at the outbreak of the Civil War.
July 13 - Violent clashes between Juan "Cheno" Cortina and Anglo
lawmen begin in the Brownsville area in the Lower Rio Grande Valley.
Texas Rangers and federal troops eventually halt the so-called "Cortina
War" in 1875.
July - Indians on the West-Central Texas reservations are moved
by the federal government to reservations in Indian Territory (now
Secession and Civil War
Feb. 1 - The Secession Convention approves an ordinance withdrawing
Texas from Union; the action is ratified by the voters on Feb. 23
in a referendum vote. Secession is official on March 2.
Feb. 13 - Robert E. Lee is ordered to return to Washington from
regimental headquarters at Fort Mason to assume command of the Union
Army. Instead, Lee resigns his commission; he assumes command of
the Confederate Army by June 1862.
March 1 - Texas accepted as a state by the provisional government
of the Confederate States of America, even before its secession
from the Union is official.
March 5 - The Secession Convention approves an ordinance accepting
March 16 - Sam Houston resigns as governor in protest against
Aug. 10 - About 68 Union loyalists, mostly German immigrants
from the area of Comfort, in Central Texas, start for Mexico in
an attempt to reach US troops; 19 are killed by Confederates on
the Nueces River. Eight others are killed on Oct. 18 at the Rio
Grande. Others drown attempting to swim the river. Their deaths
are commemorated in Comfort by the Treue der Union (True to the
October - Forty-two men thought to be Union sympathizers are
hanged at various times during October in Gainesville.
1865 - May 13 - The Battle of Palmito Ranch is fought near Brownsville,
after the official end of the Civil War, because word of the war's end
at Appomattox on April 9 has not yet reached troops in Texas.
Reconstruction to the 20th Century
June 19 - Gen. Gordon Granger arrives at Galveston to announce
that slavery has been abolished, an event commemorated today by
the festival known as Juneteenth.
Sept. - The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands
(the Freedmen's Bureau) begins operating in Texas, charged with
helping former slaves make the transition to freedom.
March 15 - The Constitutional Convention approves an ordinance
to nullify the actions of the Secession Convention.
Aug. 20 - President Andrew Johnson issues a proclamation of peace
between the United States and Texas.
Cattle drives, which had been occasional in the 1830s, sporadic
during the 1840s and 1850s, and almost nonexistent during the Civil
War, begin in earnest, mostly to markets and railheads in Midwest.
They are at their peak for only about 20 years, until the proliferation
of railroads makes them unnecessary.
1867-1870 - Congressional (or Military) Reconstruction replaces
1868 - Large-scale irrigation begins in Texas when canals
are built in the vicinity of Del Rio.
1869 - Nov. 30 - Texas voters approve a new state constitution.
1871 - May - Seven men in a wagon train are massacred at Salt
Creek, about 20 miles west of Jacksboro, by Kiowas and Comanches led
by chiefs Satanta, Big Tree, Satank and Eagle Heart.
1872 - Oct. - Construction begins on the Texas & Pacific Railway;
the 125-mile stretch between Longview and Dallas opens for service on
July 1, 1873.
Black "Buffalo Soldiers" are first posted to Texas, eventually
serving at virtually every frontier fort in West Texas from the
Rio Grande to the Panhandle, as well as in other states.
Houston and Texas Central Railway reaches the Red River, connecting
there with the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad and creating
the first all-rail route from Texas to St. Louis and the East.
Jan. 17 - Inauguration of Democrat Richard Coke as governor marks
the end of Reconstruction in Texas.
Sept. 28 - Col. Ranald Mackenzie leads the 4th US Cavalry in
the Battle of Palo Duro Canyon, south of present-day Amarillo, an
encounter that ends with the confinement of southern Plains Indians
in reservations in Indian Territory. This makes possible the wholesale
settlement of the western part of the state.
Feb. 15 - Present state constitution is adopted.
Oct. 4 - The Agricultural and Mechanical College, later Texas
A&M University, opens at College Station, becoming the first public
institution of higher learning in the state.
Charles Goodnight establishes the JA Ranch in Palo Duro Canyon,
the first cattle ranch located in the Panhandle.
1877 - Sept. - The El Paso Salt War is the culmination of
a long dispute caused by Anglos' attempts to take over salt-mining rights
at the foot of Guadalupe Peak, a traditionally Mexican-American salt
1881 - Dec. 16 - The Texas & Pacific Railway reaches Sierra Blanca
in West Texas, about 90 miles east of El Paso.
1883 - Sept. 15 - The University of Texas classes begin.
1884 - Fence-cutting wars prompt the Texas Legislature to pass
a law making fence-cutting a felony.
1886 - Aug. 19-21 - Hurricane destroys or damages every house
in the port of Indianola, finishing the job started by another storm
11 years earlier. Indianola is never rebuilt.
1888 - May 16 - Present state capitol is dedicated.
1891 - The Railroad Commission, proposed by Gov. James Hogg,
is established by the Texas legislature to regulate freight rates and
to establish rules for railroad operations.
1894 - June 9 - Oil is discovered at Corsicana; a commercial
field opens in 1896, becoming the first small step in Texas' rise as
a major oil producer.
1898 - May 16 - Teddy Roosevelt arrives in San Antonio to recruit
and train "Rough Riders" for the First Volunteer Cavalry to fight in
the Spanish-American War in Cuba.
1898-1899 - Texas experiences its coldest winter on record.
1900 - Sept. 8 - The "Great Hurricane," destroys much of Galveston
and kills 6,000 people there.
1901 - Jan. 10 - Oil found by mining engineer Capt. A.F. Lucas
at Spindletop near Beaumont catapults Texas into the petroleum age.
1902 - Poll tax becomes a requirement for voting.
1906 - Texans votes for US senator in the Democratic primary,
although the Texas legislature retains ultimate appointment authority,
primary voters can express their preferences.
1910 - March 2 - Lt. Benjamin D. Foulois makes first military
air flight in a Wright brothers plane at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio.
1911-1920 - Mexican civil war spills across the border,
as refugees seek safety, combatants seek each other, and Texas settlements
are raided for supplies by all sides in the fighting. Pancho Villa and
his followers are active along the border during some of this time.
1916 - Texas voters able to directly elect US senators.
1917-1918 - World War I.
1917 - Gov. James Ferguson is impeached and convicted; he leaves
- - March - Texas women win the right to vote in
- Annie Webb Blanton becomes the first woman elected to a statewide
office when she is elected State Superintendent of Public Instruction.
- Responding to anti-German sentiment, Gov. William P. Hobby vetoes
appropriations for German Dept. of The University of Texas.
- Texans adopt a prohibition amendment to the state constitution.
1920 - Large-scale agricultural irrigation begins in the High
- Miriam "Ma" Ferguson becomes Texas' first woman governor, serving
as a figurehead for her husband, former Gov. James E. Ferguson.
- Sept. 30 - Texas Tech University begins classes in Lubbock as
Texas Technological College.
1928 - June 26-29 - The Democratic National Convention is
held in Houston, the first nominating convention held in a Southern
city since 1860.
1929 - Feb. 17 - The League of United Latin American Citizens
(LULAC) is founded in Corpus Christi.
1930 - Sept. 5 - The Daisy Bradford #3 well, drilled near Turnertown
in Rusk County by wildcatter C.M. (Dad) Joiner, blows in, heralding
the discovery of the huge East Texas Oil Field.
1935 - Two years after federal prohibition was repealed, Texas
voters ratify the repeal of the state's prohibition law.
1936 - June 6 - Texas Centennial Exposition opens at Dallas'
Fair Park; it runs until Nov. 29.
1937 - March 18 - A massive explosion, blamed on a natural-gas
leak beneath the London Consolidated School building in Rusk County,
kills an estimated 296 students and teachers. Subsequent deaths of people
injured in the explosion bring the death count to 311. As a result,
the Texas legislature requires that a malodorant be added to the odorless
gas so that leaks can be more easily detected.
1941-1945 - World War II.
1943 - June - A race riot in Beaumont leads to a declaration
of martial law.
1947 - April 16 - The French-owned SS Grandcamp, carrying ammonium
nitrate, explodes in the Texas City harbor, followed the next morning
by the explosion of the SS High Flyer. The disaster kills almost 600
and injures at least 4,000 more. The concussion is felt 75 miles away
in Port Arthur, and the force creates a 15-foot tidal wave.
1948 - Lyndon B. Johnson beats Coke Stevenson in the US Senate
race by 87 votes. The winning margin in the disputed primary is registered
in Ballot Box No. 13 in Jim Wells County.
1949 - Aug. 24 - The University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston
admits its first black student.
1950 - The US Supreme Court orders racial integration of The
University of Texas law school.
- Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes the first Texas-born President
of the United States.
- May 11 - A tornado kills 114, injures 597 at Waco; 150 homes
and 185 other buildings are destroyed.
- May 22 - The Tidelands Bill is signed by Pres. Eisenhower, giving
Texas the rights to its offshore oil.
1954 - Texas women gain the right to serve on juries.
1958 -Sept. 12 - Integrated circuit, developed by Jack Kilby
at Texas Instruments, Dallas, is successfully tested, ushering in the
semiconductor and electronics age.
1961 -John Tower wins special election for US Senate, becoming
the first Republican senator from Texas since Reconstruction.
1962 - NASA opens the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston. The
center moves to a new campus-like building complex in 1964. It is renamed
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center on Aug. 17, 1973.
1963 - Nov. 22 - President John F. Kennedy is assassinated in
Dallas; vice president Lyndon B. Johnson succeeds to the office, becoming
the 36th US president.
1964 - Poll tax is abolished by the 24th Amendment to the US Constitution
as a requirement for voting for federal offices. It is retained in Texas,
however, for state and local offices.
- The Texas Legislature is reapportioned on the principle of one
person, one vote.
- June 3 - San Antonio native Ed White becomes the first American
to walk in space.
- The poll tax is repealed as a requirement for voting in all
elections by amendment of the Texas Constitution.
- Barbara Jordan of Houston becomes the first black woman elected
to the Texas Senate.
- Aug. 1 - Charles Whitman kills 17 people, shooting them from
the observation deck of the main-building tower on The University
of Texas campus in Austin.
1967 - Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund
(MALDEF) is incorporated in Texas; its first national office is in San
1969 - July 20 - Apollo 11 astronaut Neil Armstrong transmits
the first words from the surface of the moon: "Houston, the Eagle has
1971 - Securities and Exchange Commission investigates illegal
manipulation of stock transactions involving Frank Sharp and his Sharpstown
State Bank of Houston.
1972 - The Sharpstown Scandal results in the conviction of
House speaker Gus Mutscher and two associates for conspiracy and bribery
1974 - Jan. 8 - Constitutional Convention meets to attempt
to write a new state constitution. However, the delegates, comprising
the membership of the 63rd Legislature, become mired in divisive politics,
and the convention adjourns on July 30, 1974, without a document.
1978 - William Clements becomes the first Republican governor
of Texas since Reconstruction.
1979 -April 10 - Several tornadoes kill 53 in West Texas,
including 42 in Wichita Falls, and cause $400 million in damages.
1984 - The no-pass-no-play rule is part of an education-reform
package enacted by the Texas Legislature.
1984 - Aug. 20-23 - The National Republican Convention is
held in Dallas.
1985 - The Federal Home Loan Bank Board suspends deposit insurance
for Texas savings-and-loan companies applying for state charters. Three
years later, after uncovering widespread insider abuse at Texas lending
institutions, federal regulators announce bail-out plans for many Texas
thrifts and begin prosecution of S&L officials.
1988 - Houstonian George Bush is elected president of the United
1990 - Democrat Ann Richards becomes the first woman governor
of Texas in her own right.
- April 19 - Siege that began on Feb. 28 ended, federal
agents storm the compound called Mount Carmel near Waco, where cult
leader David Koresh and his followers, called Branch Davidians,
had reportedly been storing a large cache of assault weapons. The
assault and ensuing fire kill four agents and 86 Branch Davidians.
- Republican Kay Bailey Hutchison becomes the first woman to serve
as US Senator from Texas.
2000 - Former Texas Gov. George W. Bush elected President
of the United States.
2001 - Enron filed for bankruptcy protection
2003 - Space shuttle Columbia broke apart across southeastern Texas as it descended toward its planned landing, all crew members
- Lance Armstrong won sixth Tour de France
- George W. Bush re-elected U. S. President
- Republican majority leader in US House of Representatives, Tom DeLay, indicted with criminal conspiracy by grand jury in Texas
- Hurricane Rita forced over 1 million to evacuate
2006 - Two Enron executives convicted of conspiracy, fraud
2007 - Gunman at Johnson Space Center in Houston killed male hostage, self
2008 - Hurricane Ike struck Texas Gulf Coast, caused major flooding, billions of dollars in damages
2009 - Army Major Nidal Malik Hasan opened fire on fellow soldiers at Fort Hood military base, killed 13, injured 30
- Texas wildfires destroyed over 1 million acres, burned over 1,000 homes
- Governor Rick Perry announced candidacy for Republican nominee in 2012 presidential race
2013 - On Thursday, April 18, 2013, a massive explosion at a fertilizer plant on the edge of the small Texas town of West killed
at least 35 people, wounded more than 170, leveled dozens and dozens of homes and prompted authorities to evacuate half their community of 2,800.
West is a community of about 2,800 people, about 75 miles south of Dallas and 120 miles north of Austin.
US History Overview
The United States of America is located in the middle of the North American continent with Canada to the north and the United Mexican States to the south. The United States ranges from the Atlantic Ocean on the nation's east coast to the Pacific Ocean bordering the west, and also includes the state of Hawaii, a series of islands located in the Pacific Ocean, the state of Alaska located in the northwestern part of the continent above the Yukon, and numerous other holdings and territories