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Texas Counties

Texas is divided into two hundred and fifty-four counties, more than any other state. Texas was originally divided into municipalities, a unit of local government under Spanish and Mexican rule. When the Republic of Texas gained its independence in 1836, there were 23 municipalities, which became the original Texas counties. Many of these would later be divided into new counties. The most recent county to be created was Kenedy County in 1921. The most recent county to be organized was Loving County in 1931

Jasper County, Texas

Jasper County Education, Geography, and History

Jasper County, Texas Courthouse

Jasper County is a county located in the state of Texas. Based on the 2010 census, its population was 35,710. Its county seat is Jasper. The county was created as a municipality in Mexico in 1834, and in 1837 was organized as a county in the Republic of Texas. It is named for William Jasper, an American Revolutionary War hero.

Etymology - Origin of Jasper County Name

William Jasper, an American Revolutionary War hero who was killed at Savannah, Georgia in 1779


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Jasper County History

Jasper County is a county located in the US state of Texas. Its county seat is Jasper. Jasper County is named for William Jasper, an American Revolutionary War hero.

Handbook of Texas Online
Jasper County was established when the Convention of 1836 converted old municipalities into counties, but it was not until 1837 that an act was passed defining the county boundaries. The town of Jasper was named county seat by the county commissioners in 1836 and grew around a log courthouse and jail built on the main square. In 1846 the original Jasper County was split into two parts; the eastern portion became Newton County. In 1847 Andrew Smyth built a sawmill near Bevilport, using the swift current of Indian Creek for power. After a fire destroyed the Jasper County Courthouse and all county records in 1849, a new two-story structure was quickly constructed More at
Glenn Justice, "JASPER COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hcj03), accessed January 24, 2016. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 970 square miles (2,511 km2), of which, 937 square miles (2,428 km2) of it is land and 32 square miles (83 km2) of it (3.32%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • San Augustine County (north)
  • Sabine County (northeast)
  • Newton County (east)
  • Orange County (south)
  • Hardin County (southwest)
  • Tyler County (west)
  • Angelina County (northwest)


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