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Texas Counties

Texas is divided into two hundred and fifty-four counties, more than any other state. Texas was originally divided into municipalities, a unit of local government under Spanish and Mexican rule. When the Republic of Texas gained its independence in 1836, there were 23 municipalities, which became the original Texas counties. Many of these would later be divided into new counties. The most recent county to be created was Kenedy County in 1921. The most recent county to be organized was Loving County in 1931

Liberty County, Texas

Liberty County Education, Geography, and History

Liberty County, Texas Courthouse

Liberty County is a county in the state of Texas. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 75,643. The county seat is Liberty. The county was created in 1831 as a municipality in Mexico and organized as a county in 1837. It is named for the popular American ideal of liberty.

Liberty County is included in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Liberty County Name

its first (and current) county seat


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Liberty County History

Liberty County is a county located in the US state of Texas. Its county seat is Liberty

Handbook of Texas Online
As events began to foreshadow the Texas Revolution, Augustine B. Hardin, Pierre J. Menard, Henry W. Millard, Claiborne Westqqv, and Hugh B. Johnston represented the area at the Consultation. By 1835, despite governmental difficulties and a lack of land titles, the municipality's population increased to more than 1,000. Andrew Briscoe's Liberty Volunteers were organized in 1835 and later fought at the battle of Concepci? and the siege of Bexar. Soldiers from Liberty County formed the Third Infantry Company, Second Regiment, under William M. Logan; this unit fought along with other men from the county at the battle of San Jacinto. Mexican prisoners captured at San Jacinto were sent to Liberty before release. Liberty County, formed and organized in 1836 in the new Republic of Texas, originally included all of the future Tyler County and parts of what later became Hardin, Chambers, San Jacinto, and Polk counties. Liberty was named county seat and incorporated in 1837. Sam Houston maintained two homes in the area and purchased more than 20,000 acres of land within the county's original boundaries. More at
Diana J. Kleiner, "LIBERTY COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hcl08), accessed January 24, 2016. Uploaded on August 7, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,176 square miles (3,046 km2), of which, 1,160 square miles (3,004 km2) of it is land and 16 square miles (42 km2) of it (1.41%) is water.

The Trinity River flows through the county, dividing the county in half. The river begins on the northern border of Liberty County, forming the San Jacinto -Polk County line until the Liberty County line. The east fork of the San Jacinto River flows through far Northeast parts of the county, Flowing through Cleveland. Tarkington Bayou begins in the Sam Houston National Forest in San Jacinto County, working its way south through Northeast and east Liberty County and joining other feeders, before traveling into Harris County and dumping into Galveston Bay. The highest point in the county is Davis Hill, a salt dome in north Liberty County, off of CR 2252.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Polk County (north)
  • Hardin County (east)
  • Jefferson County (southeast)
  • Chambers County (south)
  • Harris County (southwest)
  • Montgomery County (west)
  • San Jacinto County (northwest)


Where "ISD" means "Independent School District".

Dayton ISD (portions of the district extends into another county)
Liberty ISD
Cleveland ISD (portions of the district extends into other counties)
Tarkington ISD
Hardin ISD
Hull-Daisetta ISD
Devers ISD

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