North Dakota's official state motto was adopted as an element of its official seal in 1889.
The motto of Dakota Territory was Liberty and Union, One and Inseparable, Now and Forever. This language was suggested by
Dr. Joseph Ward of Yankton, South Dakota, who was quoting from Daniel Webster's Reply to Hayne. However, the motto used for the Territory had two of
the phrases reversed; when North Dakota became a state that error was corrected.
North Dakota State Motto
"Liberty and union, now and forever, one and inseparable"
The law designating the official North Dakota state motto is found in the North Dakota Constitution, Article 9, Section 2.
ARTICLE IX - GENERAL PROVISIONS.
Section 2. The following described seal is hereby declared to be and hereby constituted the great seal of the state of North Dakota, to wit: A tree
in the open field, the trunk of which is surrounded by three bundles of wheat; on the right a plow, anvil and sledge; on the left, a bow crossed with
three arrows, and an Indian on horseback pursuing a buffalo toward the setting sun; the foliage of the tree arched by a half circle of forty-two stars,
surrounded by the motto "Liberty and Union Now and Forever, One and Inseparable"; the words "Great Seal" at the top; the words "State of North Dakota"
at the bottom; "October 1st" on the left and "1889" on the right. The seal to be two and one-half inches in diameter.
Mottos of the States
State motto is a word, phrase, or sentence inscribed on or attached to a coin, building,
or other object. The motto states an important idea for a group of people within the state.