Career College Search

Online Schools

Campus Schools


Have you begun your college search? Find a college that's right for you. Acess over 8500 Colleges, Universities, and Trade Schools in the US.

Begin Now!


Flowers & Floral Emblems
Flowers & Floral Emblems

Get Your Degree!

Find schools and get information on the program that’s right for you.

Powered by Campus Explorer

Official State Flowers & Floral Emblems

State Flower and State Floral Emblem Designations

A flower is in the popular sense, the bloom or blossom of a plant; the showy portion, usually of a different color, shape, and texture from the foliage.

The flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure of some seed-bearing plants, characteristically having either specialized male or female organs or both male and female organs, such as stamens and a pistil, enclosed in an outer envelope of petals and sepals. A complete flower consists of two essential parts, the stamens and the pistil, and two floral envelopes, the corolla and callyx. In mosses the flowers consist of a few special leaves surrounding or subtending organs called archegonia.

Each of the 50 states have designated an official tree and flower. Many of the state flowers are from other parts of the world and were chosen because of their beauty or importance, not because they represent the natural flora of the state they represent. Some of the Latin names you see here may be different from those you may have seen before due to changes in plant nomenclature; we have chosen to list the current valid botanical name. Where more than one accepted common name exists, the common name in the legislation has been listed.

One state even lists a state flower that is not a flower at all.

Official State Flowers & Floral EmblemsMaine designated the white pine cone and tassel as its state flower. Botanically, these are not considered flowers since gymnosperms do not have true flowers. The reproductive structures of pines are known as strobili. You could accurately state that Maine (White Pine Cone & Tassel) s the only state to have an official state strobilae. If you thought Oklahoma was the right answer, you are nearly correct. Mistletoe is a plant and is not a flower. It is, however, a flowering plant and bears true flowers, even though they are not showy.

Official State Flowers and Floral Emblems

State Symbols

 Flowers - Species - Adopted

Alabama Camellia
(Camellia japonica L.)
Alabama Official State Flower - 1999
Alabama Oak-leaf hydrangea
(Hydrangea quercifolia Bartr.)
Alabama Official State Wildflower - 1999
Alaska Wild Native Forget-Me-Not
(Myosotis alpestris)
Alaska State Flower & Floral Emblem - 1917
Arizona Saguaro Cactus
(Cereus giganteus)
Arizona State Flower - 1931
Arkansas Apple Blossom
(Pyrus coronaria)
Arkansas State Floral Emblem - 1901
California Golden Poppy
(Eschscholtzia californica)
California Official State Flower - 1903
Colorado White & Lavender Columbine
(Aquilegia caerules)
Colorado State Flower - 1899
Connecticut Mountain Laurel
(Kalmia latifolia)
Connecticut State Flower - 1907
Delaware Peach Blossom
(Prunus persica)
Delaware Official State Flower - 1895; 1953
Florida Orange Blossom
(Citrus sinensis)
Florida State Flower  - 1909
Florida Coreopsis
Florida Official State Wildflower
- 1991
Georgia Cherokee Rose
(Rosa laevigata)
Georgia State Floral Emblem - 1916
Georgia Azalea
Georgia State Wildflower - 1979
Hawaii Native Yellow Hibiscus
(Hibiscus brackenridgei A. Gray)
Hawaii Official State Flower - 1988
Idaho Syringa
(Philadelphus lewisii)
Idaho State Flower - 1931
Illinois 2 Native Violet
(Viola sororia)
Illinois State Native Flower  Jul 1, 1908
Indiana Peony
(Paeonie)
Indiana Official State Flower - Mar 15, 1957
Iowa Wild Rose
(Rosa Pratincola)
Iowa Official State Flower - May 7, 1897
Kansas Helianthus or Wild Native Sunflower
(Helianthus annuus)
Kansas State Flower and Floral Emblem - 1903
Kentucky Goldenrod
(Solidago spp.)
Kentucky Official State Flower - May 16, 1926
Louisiana Magnolia
(Magnolia graniflora)
Louisiana State Flower - 1900
Louisiana Louisiana iris
(Giganticaerulea)
Louisiana Official State Wildflower - 1990
Maine1 White Pine Cone & Tassel
(Pinus strobus, linnaeus)
Maine State Floral Emblem - 1895
Maryland Black-Eyed Susan
(Rudbeckia hirta)
Maryland State Flower - 1918
Massachusetts Mayflower
(Epigaea regens)
Massachusetts State Flower or Floral Emblem - 1918
Michigan Apple Blossom
(Pyrus coronaria)
Michigan State Flower - 1897
Michigan Dwarf lake iris
(Iris lacustris)
Michigan Official State Wildflower - 1998
Minnesota Pink & White Lady's Slipper
(Cypripedium reginae)
Minnesota Official State Flower - 1893; 1967
Mississippi Magnolia
(Magnolia grandiflora)
Mississippi State Flower - 1952
Mississippi Coreopsis, Calliopsis, and Tickseed
(Coreopsis sp.)
Mississippi State Wildflower - 1991
Missouri 2 Hawthorn
(Crataegus)
Missouri State Floral Emblem - 1923
Montana Bitterroot
(Lewisia rediviva)
Montana State Floral Emblem - 1895
Nebraska Goldenrod
(Solidago serotina)
Nebraska Floral Emblem - 1895
Nevada Sage Brush
(Artemisia tridentata or trifida)
Nevada Official State Flower - 1967
New Hampshire Purple Lilac
(Syringa vulgaris)
New Hampshire State Flower - 1919
New Hampshire Pink lady's slipper
(Cypripedium acaule)
New Hampshire Official State Wildflower - 1991
New Jersey Purple Violet
(Viola sororia)
New Jersey State Flower - 1913
New Mexico Yucca Flower
(Yucca glauca)
New Mexico State Flower - 1927
New York Rose
(Rosa)
New York Official State Flower - 1955
North Carolina Dogwood
(Cornus florida)
North Carolina Official State Flower - 1941
North Carolina Carolina Lily
(Lilium michauxii)
North Carolina State Wildflower - 2003
North Dakota Wild Prairie Rose
(Rosa setigera)
North Dakota State Floral Emblem - 1907
Ohio Scarlet Carnation
(Trillium grandiflorum)
Ohio State Flower - 1904
Ohio Large white trillium
(Trillium grandiflorum)
Ohio State Wildflower - 1987
Oklahoma Mistletoe
(Phoradendron serotinum)
Oklahoma State Floral Emblem - 1893
Oklahoma Indian Blanket
(Gaillardia pulchella)
Oklahoma Official State Wildflower - 1986
Oklahoma Oklahoma rose
(Rosa odorata (Andr.) Sweet)
Oklahoma Official State Flower - 2004
Oregon Oregon Grape
(Berberis aquifolium)
Oregon Official State Flower - 1899
Pennsylvania Mountain Laurel
(Kalmia latifolia)
Pennsylvania State Flower - 1933
Rhode Island Violet
(Viola Palmata)
Rhode Island State Flower - 1968
South Carolina Carolina or Yellow Jessamine
(Gelsemium sempervirens)
South Carolina State Flower - 1924
South Carolina Goldenrod
(Solidago altissima)
South Carolina Official State Wildflower - 2003
South Dakota Pasque, May Day Flower
(pulsatilla hirsutissima)
South Dakota State Floral Emblem - 1903
Tennessee Iris
(genus Iridaceae)
Tennessee State Cultivated Flower - 1933
Tennessee Passionflower
(Passiflora incarnata)
Tennessee State Wildflower - 1973
Tennessee Tennessee echinacea
(Echinacea tennesseensis)
Tennessee State Wildflower - 2012
Texas 2 Bluebonnet
(Lupinus subcarnosus)
(Lupinus texensis)
Texas State Flower - 1901
United States

Rose
(genus Rosa)
National Floral Emblem - Nov 20, 1986

Utah Sego Lily
(Calochortus nuttallii)
Utah State Flower - 1911
Vermont Red Clover
(Trifolium pratense)
Vermont State Flower - 1894
Virginia American Dogwood
(Cornus florida)
Virginia State Floral Emblem - 1918
Washington Coast Rhododendron
(Rhododendron macrophyllum)
Washington Official State Flower - 1892
Washington, DC

American Beauty Rose
(Rosa 'American Beauty')
Washington, DC District Flower - NA

West Virginia Rhododendron (Big Laurel)
(Rhodedendron Maximum)
West Virginia Official State Flower - 1903
Wisconsin Wood Violet
(Viola papilionacea)
Wisconsin State Flower - 1949
Wyoming Indian Paint Brush
(Castilleja linariaefolia)
Wyoming State Flower - 1917

1. Maine designated the white pine cone and tassel as its state flower. Botanically, these are not considered flowers since gymnosperms do not have true flowers. The reproductive structures of pines are known as strobili. You could accurately state the Maine is the only state to have an official state strobilae. If you thought Oklahoma was the right answer, you are nearly correct. Mistletoe is a plant and is not a flower. It is, however, a flowering plant and bears true flowers, even though they are not showy.

2. In Illinois, Missouri, and Texas, multiple species fit the legislated name of the state flower.

State Flowers
State Floral Emblems
Flowers & Floral Emblems
Find images and a brief history of the flowers representing, usually by legislative action, the state symbols of each of the fifty states.
The term floral emblem, which refers to flowers specifically, is primarily used in Australia and Canada. In the United States, the term state flower is more often used.
Hunting for a new job? Get advice or search over 1.6 million jobs on the largest job site
Colleges & Universities
Colleges & Universities: Search or Browse over 8500 Colleges, Universities, and Trade Schools in the US..

Find and Compare!

With access to over 8,500 schools to choose from!
Provides pricing transparency, scholarship information as well as numerous other key details on over 8,500 US colleges, universities and trade schools

Get Your Degree!

Find schools and get information on the program that’s right for you.

Powered by Campus Explorer

Support for eReferenceDesk
More information at
Support eReferenceDesk

Please click the "DONATE" button and enter the amount you wish to contribute:
PayPal