Oklahoma Counties
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Oklahoma Counties

There are seventy-seven counties in Oklahoma. Oklahoma originally had seven counties when it was first organized as the Oklahoma Territory. These counties were designated numerically, first through seventh. New counties added after this were designated by letters of the alphabet. The first seven counties were later renamed. The Oklahoma Constitutional Convention named all of the counties that were formed when Oklahoma entered statehood in 1907. Only two counties have been formed since then

Canadian County, Oklahoma

Canadian County Education, Geography, and History

Canadian County, Oklahoma Courthouse

Canadian County is a county located in the state of Oklahoma. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 115,541, making it the fifth-most populous county in Oklahoma. Its county seat is El Reno. The county is named for the Canadian River.

Canadian County is also part of the Oklahoma City, OK Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Canadian County Name

Named for the river which in turn is supposed to have been named by the earliest explorers of its lower valley who were traders and trappers from Canada.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Canadian County History

In 1859, the US Government moved the Caddo of Louisiana from its Brazos reservation in Texas to what would eventually become Canadian County, Oklahoma. Showetat, the last hereditary chief of the Caddos set up his camp near the present Union City, and is considered Canadian County's first permanent resident. The Wichita tribe were relocated to the same part of Indian Territory in 1861. The Treaty of Medicine Lodge gave the land west of the Caddos and Wichitas to the Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes, They moved from Colorado in 1869. The Cheyenne-Arapaho Agency was established in 1870.

Canadian County was formed in 1889 as County Four of Oklahoma Territory. It was named after the Canadian River, which runs through the county, and settled by white settlers after the April 22, 1889, land run that opened up Native American land. It was expanded by a second land run in 1892.

The county was where the last great battle between the Cheyenne, Arapaho and the United States Army took place.

Oklahoma History Center
Situated in west-central Oklahoma, Canadian County is bounded by Kingfisher County on the north, Oklahoma and Cleveland counties on the east, Grady County on the south, Caddo County to the southwest, and Blaine County to the northwest. Canadian County lies mostly within the Red Bed Plains, a subregion of the Osage Plains physiographic region. The county's northwestern corner is situated in the Gypsum Hills. Drained by the North Canadian and the Canadian rivers, which cross the county from northwest to southeast, the county consists of 905.17 square miles of land and water. At the turn of the twenty-first century incorporated towns included Calumet, Mustang, Okarche, Piedmont, Union City, Yukon, and El Reno, the county seat....CANADIAN COUNTY

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 906 square miles (2,350 km2), of which 897 square miles (2,320 km2) is land and 9.0 square miles (23 km2) (1.0%) is water.

The county lies mostly within the Red Bed Plains, a subregion of the Osage Plains physiographic region, although its northwestern corner is in the Gypsum Hills. The county is drained by the North Canadian River and the Canadian River, which both flow through the county from northwest to southeast

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Kingfisher County (north)
  • Oklahoma County (east)
  • Cleveland County (southeast)
  • Grady County (south)
  • Caddo County (southwest)
  • Blaine County (northwest)


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