Wisconsin Counties
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Wisconsin Counties

There are seventy-two counties in the state of Wisconsin. Wisconsin became part of the Territory of Michigan and divided into two counties: Brown County in the northeast along Lake Michigan and Crawford County in the southwest along the Mississippi River. The state of Wisconsin was created from Wisconsin Territory on May 29, 1848, with 28 counties.

Ashland County, Wisconsin

Ashland County Education, Geography, and History

Ashland County, Wisconsin Courthouse

Ashland County is a county located in the state of Wisconsin. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 16,157.[ Its county seat is Ashland. The county was formed on March 27, 1860, from La Pointe County.

Etymology - Origin of Ashland County Name

The county was named after the village, which was named in honor of the Kentucky homestead of Henry Clay. Martin Beaser, one of the earliest settlers of the village, and an ardent admirer of Henry Clay, is credited with the selection of the name.

[Source: Place Names, p. 29; Hist. No. Wis., p.67. Kellogg, Louise Phelps. "Derivation of County Names" in Proceedings of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin for 1909, pages 219-231.]


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Ashland County History

Ashland County, created in 1848 from previously unorganized territory, is named after Henry Clay's home in Kentucky. Located in northwest Wisconsin, the county seat is Ashland.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,294 square miles (5,941 km2), of which, 1,044 square miles (2,703 km2) of it is land and 1,250 square miles (3,237 km2) of it (54.49%) is water.

Ashland County is anchored by the City of Ashland, on the southern shore of Lake Superior's Chequamegon Bay. Ashland's harbor, nestled in protected Chequamegon Bay.

Much of inland Ashland County is covered by the gently rolling terrain of the Chequamegon National Forest. With 411 lakes, 632 miles of rivers and streams, 200 miles of hiking trails, 200 miles of motorized trails, over 800 wetlands, nearly 11,000 acres of wilderness areas, 50 miles of cross-country ski trails and more than 300 miles of snowmobile trails.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Iron County - east
  • Price County - southeast
  • Sawyer County - southwest
  • Bayfield County - northwest


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