Wisconsin Counties
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Wisconsin Counties

There are seventy-two counties in the state of Wisconsin. Wisconsin became part of the Territory of Michigan and divided into two counties: Brown County in the northeast along Lake Michigan and Crawford County in the southwest along the Mississippi River. The state of Wisconsin was created from Wisconsin Territory on May 29, 1848, with 28 counties.

Florence County, Wisconsin

Florence County Education, Geography, and History

Florence County, Wisconsin Courthouse

Florence County is a county located in the state of Wisconsin. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 4,423, making it the second-least populous county in Wisconsin. Its county seat is Florence.

Florence County is part of the Iron Mountain, MI–WI Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Florence  County Name

Florence County was named by H. D. Fisher in honor of Mrs. Florence Hulst, wife of Dr. N. P. Hulst of Milwaukee. The name was first applied to the Florence iron mine; and then to the town and county.

[Source: Kellogg, Louise Phelps. "Derivation of County Names" in Proceedings of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin for 1909, pages 219-231.]


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

County History

Florence County, created in 1881 from Marinette and Oconto Counties, is named after Florence Hulst, the first white woman to settle in the area. Located in northeast Wisconsin, the county seat is Florence.
In recognition of its biological richness and rarity. the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources established the 8,850-acre Spread Eagle Barrens State National Area in 1995.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 497 square miles (1,288 km2), of which, 488 square miles (1,264 km2) of it is land and 9 square miles (24 km2) of it (1.90%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Iron County, Michigan - north
  • Dickinson County, Michigan - east
  • Marinette County, Wisconsin - southeast
  • Forest County, Wisconsin - south, west


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