National & State Symbols
Illinois Early History
First Early Inhabitants of Illinois
Early history examines the archaeological record that tells the story of the first inhabitants of Illinois. Learn about the prehistory and culture of the first early inhabitants, and what lessons it might teach us about the early history of Illinois.
Illinois First Early Inhabitants Timeline
Early History of Native Americans in Illinois
The Indigenous People of Illinois
Indians hunted in Illinois as far back as 5000 B.C. and today you can still view the remains of their civilization at places such as Chahokia Mounds - North America's largest and most valuable prehistoric earthwork relic.The earliest inhabitants of Illinois were the prehistoric Mound Builders. Dickson Mounds Indian Museum near Lewiston features special exhibits which chronicle the Indian's valuable place in Illinois history.
These groups of Native Americans left behind more than 10,000 temple and burial mounds throughout the state. Monk's Mound, near present-day Cahokia, is the largest prehistoric earthen structure in the United States.
US History Overview
The word History comes from the Greek word historķa meaning "to learn or know by inquiry." History is not static. It's fluid. It changes and grows and becomes richer and more complex when any individual interacts with it.