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Hawaii History Timeline
Important Dates, Events, and Milestones in Hawaii
Offers a chronological timeline of important dates, events, and milestones in Hawaii history.
The first Polynesians arrive by outrigger canoe 300-900AD. The first island inhabitants are the Menehune, who come over 2,000 miles from the Marquesas Islands north of Tahiti. In 1100 more Polynesian migration to the Hawaiian Islands from the Society Islands
17th Century Hawaii History Timeline
1627 - Spanish sailors visit Hawaii, describe volcanic eruption in ship's log
18th Century Hawaii History Timeline
1778 - Englishman James Cook of the British navy discovered Hawaii.
1780's - Other European and US trading ships began to arrive on their way to China. Disease brought from other parts of the world killed many of the Hawaiians.
1794 - Hawaii is placed under the protectorate of Great Britian by Vancouver
1795 - King Kamehameha I unifies Hawaiias.
19th Century Hawaii History Timeline
1815 - Russian soldiers fail attempt to build a fort in Hawaii
1816 - Volcano House opens for tourists on the island of Hawaii, $1 per person for lodging
1819 - Kamehameha I dies, and his son Liholiho became Kamehameha II. He promptly abolished the local religion.
1820 - Protestant missionaries teach Christianity
1821 - Protestant missionaries arrived the following year and converted many Hawaiians to Christianity.
1826 - James Honnewell establishes C. Brewer & Co. Ltd. trade and service organization
1831 - Catholic missionaries that arrived during the late 1820s were forced to leave or be imprisoned in 1831.
1834 - Honolulu Police Department is founded by King Kamehameha III
1835 - The first sugar plantation is established on Kauai Island
1836 - Organization of the Royal Hawaiian Band
1838 - Ground is broken for the building of the Kawaiahao Church
1839 - Roman Catholics receive religious freedom
1840 - Hawaii adopted its first constitution .
1843 - Lord George Paulet seizes Hawaii in the name of England
1846 - Construction of Washington Place (now governor's residence) is completed
1848 - A law passed that year that divided the land between the king and his chiefs. Most of these men gave their land to the government, which in turn sold land to the Hawaiian people.
1849 - French admiral Legoarant de Tromelin fails in attempted invasion
1852 - First steam-propelled ship is used in interisland service
1853 - Smallpox epidemic takes the lives of over 5,000 Hawaiians
1858 - C. R. Bishop and W. A. Aldrich begin the kingdom's largest financial institution
1859 - Honolulu Gas Company is established
1860 - The Queen's Hospital's first structure's cornerstone is laid in place
1863 - Niihau island purchased by Elizabeth Sinclair, offered by King Kamehameha IV, $10,000
1865 - First imigrant plantation workers depart from Yokohama, Japan for Hawaii
1866 - Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) sails into Honolulu Harbor
1874 - Supreme Court of Hawaii moves into Ali`iolani (where it remains yet today)
1875 - First official regatta held on King Kalakaua's birthday
1877 - King Kalakaua dedicates Kapiolani Park as a focal point of outdoor recreation
1878 - First telephone is in operation, two years after Alexander Graham Bell's patent
1879 - First locomotive-train pulled its first load of sugarcane on Maui
1882 - The king and queen move into Iolani Palace
1883 - Kamehameha Statue is unveiled
1885 - First polo match is played in Hawaii at Kohala on the Big Island
1890's - Several US and European settlers had begun planting pineapples. Sugarcane planting also became an important industry. Thousands of workers were needed for these plantations; many came from China, Japan and the Philippines.
1891 - Hawaii's only ruling queen came to power.
1893 - A revolution brought forth the Republic of Hawaii and the beginning of Sanford B. Dole's "Republic".
1894 - The Republic of Hawaii was established
1896 - Moana Hotel ("Grand Old Lady" of Waikiki/now the Sheraton Moana Surfrider) is planned
1898 - Hawaii's state flag is replaced by the United States' "Stars and Stripes"
20th Century Hawaii History Timeline
1903 - Joint Tourism Committee is created to promote the Territory to the world (now the HVCB)
1905 - Only 80 automobiles are registered on the island of Oahu
1910 - First airplane flight in Hawaii
1912 - Duke Kahanamoku participates at the Olympics in Stockholm
1916 - The brothel "Iwilei Stockade" is shut down
1917 - Charlie Chaplin visits Hawaii and speaks at the Honolulu Ad Club's luncheon
1920 - Prince Edward, Prince of Wales, visits the Islands
1922 - Honolulu Musum of Art is chartered
1923 - Hawaiian Dredging Co. begins dredging of the Ala Wai Canal
1924 - Work begins on the structural foundation of Aloha Tower
1929 - First interisland flight by Stanley C. Kennendy in an amphibious plane
1934 - President Roosevelt was the first US President to visit Hawaii
1946 - Great tsunami hits Hilo, killing over 100 people and causing $25 million damage
1956 - Financing is settled and Ala Moana Shopping Center opens
1957 - The first telephone cable from the US mainland to Hawaii operated
1959 - Hawaii became the 50th state on Aug. 21, 1959
1962 - The jet-aircraft terminal in Honolulu was completed
1982 - Hurricane Iwa causes about $312 million in damages
1991 - Carolyn Sapp becomes the first Miss America from Hawaii
1992 - Hurricane Iniki kills four and causes $2 billion in damages
1995 - http://www.Hawaiian.com goes online with the message of Live Aloha!
21st Century Hawaii History Timeline
2000 - The U.S. Supreme Court declares that restricting voting in the Office of Hawaiian Affairs to native Hawaiians violates the 15th Amendment.
2009 - The Native Hawaiian Government Reorganization Act of 2009 (the Akaka Bill) is introduced in Congress for the sixth time. The bill seeks to allow Native Hawaiians to seek a special status similar to that of Native Americans, but the bill fails to pass
US History Overview
The word History comes from the Greek word historķa meaning "to learn or know by inquiry." History is not static. It's fluid. It changes and grows and becomes richer and more complex when any individual interacts with it.