Career College Search

Online Schools

Campus Schools

Have you begun your college search? Find a college that's right for you. Acess over 8500 Colleges, Universities, and Trade Schools in the US.

Begin Now!

Get Your Degree!

Find schools and get information on the program that’s right for you.

Powered by Campus Explorer

Massachusetts State Mineral or Mineral Emblem


Babingtonite: Massachusetts State Mineral


Adopted in April of 1971.

The finest quality Babingtonite in America has come from the state of Massachusetts. Although the Commonwealth is not overly blessed with mineral resources, it is one of the few locations in the world where this usually jet black material with a brilliant submetallic luster is found. The Legislature adopted Babingtonite in April of 1971 as Massachusetts' official state mineral

Massachusetts State Mineral or Mineral Emblem : Babingtonite

Babingtonite: Massachusetts State Mineral

Babingtonite, the State Mineral of Massachusetts, is a mineral occurring in triclinic crystals approaching pyroxene in angle, and of a greenish black color. It is a silicate of iron, manganese, and lime and is named after Irish physicist and mineralogist W. Babington. It belongs to a class of minerals called silicates, and appears as small, wedge-shaped black crystals. It is hard (5.5-6 on the Mohs scale), heavy, and exhibits good prismatic cleavage and uneven fracture. Crystals of Babingtonite growing with Prehnite or Calcite can be found lining basalt, gneiss, or granite cavities. Babingtonite is considered a mineral of interest to collectors and mineralogists.

Babingtonite has been found at a number of locations in Massachusetts. The best known location is a basalt quarry in Westfield. The old Cheapside Quarry in Deerfield has produced many beautiful specimens. Small, but lustrous specimens are still being recovered at Shaft 10 (part of the Quabbin Reservoir Aqueduct), in West Warren.


Babingtonite: Massachusetts State Mineral

Babingtonite is a calcium iron manganese inosilicate mineral with the formula Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH). It is unusual in that iron(III) completely replaces the aluminium so typical of silicate minerals. It is a very dark green to black translucent (in thin crystals or splinters) mineral crystallizing in the triclinic system with typically radial short prismatic clusters and druzy coatings. It occurs with zeolite minerals in cavities in volcanic rocks. Babingtonite contains both iron(II) and iron(III) and shows weak magnetism. It has a Mohs hardness of 5.5 to 6 and a specific gravity of 3.3.

It was first described in 1824 from samples from Arendal, Aust-Agder, Norway (which is its type locality) and was named after the Irish physician and mineralogist William Babington (1757-1833).

  • Color is almost always black to dark green.
  • Luster is vitreous.
  • Transparency: Crystals are generally opaque but thin crystals or splinters can be translucent.
  • Crystal System is triclinic; bar 1
  • Crystal Habits include short stocky prismatic crystals or tabular to platy forms.
  • Cleavage is good in one direction and perfect in another, these are pinacoidal but are at near right angles to each other forming rectangular prisms.

Babingtonite Folklore

Babingtonite: Massachusetts State MineralHealing: Babingtonite is used to treat issues related to the thyroid. It is used to ameliorate distressed conditions related to the throat and heart and to enhance one's sense of taste.

Workings: Babingtonite is used during "re-birthing" sessions to enhance ones understanding of the blockages that are removed and the reason why they existed. It is also used to overcome shyness and rectify a negative outlook on life.

Babingtonite is associated with the astrological sign of Gemini and vibrates to the Master number 55.

Chakra Applications: Babingtonite is used to energize the Heart chakra.

Massachusetts Law

The law designating Babingtonite as the official Massachusetts state mineral or mineral emblem is found in the General Laws of Massachusetts, Part 1, Title 1, Chapter 2, Section 18



Section 18 Mineral or mineral emblem of commonwealth

Section 18. Babingtonite shall be the mineral or mineral emblem of the commonwealth.

State Rocks,
Minerals, & Gems
US State Gemstone or Gems
State symbols represent things that are special to a particular state. Some of these symbols are the Gemstone, Minerals, Rocks. Of the 50 states, 19 have adopted a state gemstone and all have adopted some sort of earth symbol.
Hunting for a new job? Get advice or search over 1.6 million jobs on the largest job site
Colleges & Universities
Colleges & Universities: Search or Browse over 8500 Colleges, Universities, and Trade Schools in the US..

Find and Compare!

With access to over 8,500 schools to choose from!
Provides pricing transparency, scholarship information as well as numerous other key details on over 8,500 US colleges, universities and trade schools

Get Your Degree!

Find schools and get information on the program that’s right for you.

Powered by Campus Explorer

Support for eReferenceDesk
More information at
Support eReferenceDesk

Please click the "DONATE" button and enter the amount you wish to contribute: