The name Oklahoma comes from two Choctaw Indian words, okla, which means "people," and humma, which means "red." In 1889, Congress opened up 2 million acres for white settlement (it was previously open only to Native Americans who were forced to leave their homelands), and the first of a number of land runs began. Some of the state's settlers were called "Sooners" because they had already staked their land claims before the land was officially opened for settlement. Oklahoma was admitted as the 46th state on November 6, 1907, with a population of 1,414,177, including residents in Indian Territory. Oklahoma's capital is an easy one to remember--Oklahoma City. The state flower of Oklahoma is the mistletoe, a favorite for kissing under during the winter holidays.
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