Career College Search

Online Schools

Campus Schools


Have you begun your college search? Find a college that's right for you. Acess over 8500 Colleges, Universities, and Trade Schools in the US.

Begin Now!



Minnesota Symbols
Minnesota Greeting: The skyline of Minneapolis is seen against a red, almost mauve, sky and a large orange moon. In the foreground is a common loon, the state bird.

Get Your Degree!

Find schools and get information on the program that’s right for you.

Powered by Campus Explorer

Minnesota State Grain

Wild Rice

Minnesota State Grain: Wild Rice

(Zizania aquatica)

Adopted in 1977.

Wild rice, (Zizania aquatica) or (Zizania palustris,) or manomin, a staple food for Minnesota's Indians for centuries, was adopted as the official state grain in 1977.

Sen. Collin Peterson sponsored the bill in the Senate as a way of promoting the state and wild rice. Rep. Don Samuelson was the House chief author. Governor Rudy Perpich signed the bill into law. While designated our state grain, wild rice is actually a hardy aquatic annual grass.

Minnesota State Grain: Wild Rice

Minnesota State Grain: Wild Rice

Wild rice is an aquatic grass not related to common rice. Early in the summer, the plants bloom with tiny maroon and gold flowers, and by late summer, their seeds mature into dark brown kernels. Domestic cultivation and combine harvesting of wild rice are relatively recent developments; wild rice is commercially produced as a field crop on about 20,000 acres in Minnesota. For many years, basically all of the wild rice produced in the world came from Minnesota, and most still does. Wild rice often is harvested from lakes in a traditional way, from canoes; people interested in harvesting wild rice in Minnesota must purchase a wild ricing license, similar to a fishing or hunting license. Wild rice grows naturally in the shallow waters of lakes in central and northern Minnesota. For many years, all the wild rice produced in the world came from Minnesota. It is harvested from lakes in the traditional Anishinabe Indian way, from canoes. It is also planted as a farm crop.

Minnesota Law

The law designating wild rice as the official Minnesota state grain is found in the Minnesota Statutes, Chapter 1, Section 1.148

MINNESOTA STATE GRAIN: Wild rice (Zizania aquatica); adopted 1977. Wild rice, actually a hardy annual aquatic grass, is known as manomin to the Ojibwe.

Statutory citation: Minn. Stat. 1.148
History:
1.148 State grain.
Subdivision 1. Wild rice. Zizania aquatica, commonly known as wild rice or manomin, is the official state grain of the state of Minnesota.
Subd. 2. Photograph. A photograph of zizania aquatica, commonly known as wild rice or manomin, may be displayed in the office of the secretary of state.
HIST: 1977 c 348 s 1; 1984 c 628 art 1 s 1
Copyright 2002 by the Office of Revisor of Statutes, State of Minnesota.
 

Taxonomic Hierarchy: Wildrice

Kingdom Plantae – Plants
    Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
    Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
    Subclass Commelinidae
Order Cyperales
Family Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family
Genus Zizania L. – wildrice
Species Zizania aquatica L. – annual wildrice

State Foods
State Foods Symbols
List official US state foods. Includes drinks, deserts, cookies, and muffins to complete meals.
Hunting for a new job? Get advice or search over 1.6 million jobs on the largest job site
Colleges & Universities
Colleges & Universities: Search or Browse over 8500 Colleges, Universities, and Trade Schools in the US..

Find and Compare!

With access to over 8,500 schools to choose from!
Provides pricing transparency, scholarship information as well as numerous other key details on over 8,500 US colleges, universities and trade schools

Get Your Degree!

Find schools and get information on the program that’s right for you.

Powered by Campus Explorer

Support for eReferenceDesk
More information at
Support eReferenceDesk

Please click the "DONATE" button and enter the amount you wish to contribute:
PayPal