Georgia State Fish

Largemouth Bass

Georgia State Fish - Largemouth Bass

(Micropterus salmoides)

Adopted on March 24, 1970.

The largemouth bass, (Micropterus salmoides,) was designated the official state fish on March 24, 1970. Some of the best and most picturesque fishing waters of the United States are found in Georgia, and pursuit of the largemouth bass is widely popular. At one time, the world's biggest largemouth bass was taken from the waters of a Georgia stream.

Did you know that: Largemouth Bass has been proclaimed the official State Freshwater Fish in each of the following states

 Alabama,   Florida,   Georgia,

Mississippi,   and   Tennessee (Old).

Georgia State Fish: Largemouth Bass

Georgia State Fish - Largemouth Bass

Micropterus is Greek, meaning "small fin". Salmoides is from the Greek salmo, meaning "trout", and refers to the fact that largemouth bass have been called "trout" in some southern states.

They are sexually mature at just over 2 years of age (52cm in length). Largemouth bass have a black to green back with lighter sides and a pale belly. They have a dark wavy band running the length of their sides. Their mouth extends beyond their eyes. Most have a black non-defined line running laterally along their body, but in some individuals the line becomes more like a series of blotches. The fins and tail are generally pale brown. Male Largemouth bass are usually more slender and darker in color than females.

Other Common Names:

Black Bass, Green Bass, Bigmouth, Linesides, Bucketmouth

Characteristics of the Largemouth Bass

Reproductive Behavior (Spawning):

Largemouth bass are greedy predators and become territorial during their spawning season. They practice brood care and build a shallow pit about 1m in diameter, which they clean and line with leaves. They spawn into the pit and the eggs are then guarded alternately by the male and female. The young take about one week to hatch, and after hatching brood care terminates. Preferred Water Temperature: 63-68 °F.


Largemouth bass are native to North America. They can be found at St. Lawrence, Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River Basins, the Atlantic drainages from North Carolina to Florida and to northern Mexico. The species has been widely introduced as a game fish and is now cosmopolitan.


Largemouth bass are freshwater fish and generally inhabit clear, vegetated lakes, ponds and swamps. They prefer quiet, clear water and often hide in dense vegetation along the edges of a water body. The preferred temperature is 68-78 °F.

Feeding Behavior:

Largemouth bass have a voracious appetite. Adults feed on fishes, crayfish and frogs, while juveniles feed on crustaceans, insects and small fishes. These fish can become cannibalistic. They do not eat during spawning or when the water temperature is below 5 degrees or above 37 degrees.

Age and Growth:

Largemouth bass grow up to 97cm and 10kg and can live as long as 11 years.

Length: Up to 21 inches
Weight: Up to 10 pounds
Life span: Up to 15 years

Georgia Joint Resolution

Joint Resolution of the Georgia General Assembly

March 24, 1970


No. 254 (House Resolution No. 623-1257).

A Resolution.
Designating the largemouth bass as the official State fish; and for other purposes.

Whereas, found within this State are some of the most picturesque and splendid fishing waters within the United States; and

Whereas, for many years Georgia has been known throughout the world as a "fisherman's paradise", affording unparalleled opportunities for those wishing to engage in the fine sport of fishing; and

Whereas, there has never been designated for the State of Georgia an official State fish; and

Whereas, the world's largest largemouth bass was taken from the waters of one of Georgia's streams.

Now, therefore, be it resolved by the General Assembly of Georgia that the largemouth bass is hereby designated Georgia's official State fish.

Approved March 24, 1970.

Source: Ga. Laws 1970, pp. 846-847.

Georgia Law

The law designating the largemouth bass as the official Georgia state fish is Section 50-3-52 of the Georgia Code Title 50 (STATE GOVERNMENT) Chapter 3 (STATE FLAG, SEAL, AND OTHER SYMBOLS ) Section 50-3-52.

SECTION 50-3-52.

O.C.G.A. ? 50-3-52 (2007)

§ 50-3-52. State fish

The largemouth bass is designated as the official Georgia state fish.

HISTORY: Ga. L. 1970, p. 846.

Taxonomic Hierarchy: Largemouth Bass

Kingdom: Animalia - animals
Phylum: Chordata - chordates
    Subphylum: Vertebrata - vertebrates
Class: Actinopterygii - ray-finned and spiny rayed fishes
    Subclass: Neopterygii
Order: Perciformes, perch-like fishes
    Suborder: Percoidei
Family: Centrarchidae
Genus: Micropterus
Species: Micropterus salmoides

State Fishes
State Fish