Maine State Almanac: Facts and Figures

Quick Facts, Figures, and Overview of the State of Maine

Maine Almanac: Fast Facts and Figures on the State of Maine

Maine is one of the New England states of the US West Quoddy Head, a small peninsula in the SE, is the easternmost point of land of the US. Maine  is the 41st most populous state of the 50 US states. Maine is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and south; New Hampshire to the west; the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the northwest; and New Brunswick to the northeast. Maine is both the easternmost and northern most point of New England region located in the northeastern part of United States. Maine's name was first used to distinguish the mainland from the offshore islands. It has been considered a compliment to Henrietta Maria, queen of Charles I of England. She was said to have owned the province of Mayne in France.

Maine produces 98% of the nation's low-bush blueberries. Farm income is also derived from apples, potatoes, dairy products, and vegetables, with poultry and eggs the largest selling item. Manufacturing began to play a leading role in the Maine economy in the late 19th century. In the early 1990s the chief fabricated items were forest products, transportation equipment, electronic items, leather goods, apparel and textiles, and processed food. Tourism also is an important industry, and the state's extensive fisheries are noted for producing lobsters.

Maine Almanac: Facts and Figures on Maine

Official Name Maine
Capital Augusta
Nicknames Pine Tree State ...and more
Motto Dirigo (I direct)
44.33064 N, 069.72971 W
New England
Constitution Ratified 1820
Statehood March 15, 1820
23rd state
Population 1,328,361 (2010)
41.31 sq. mi.
Largest City
(by population)
10 largest cities (2010): Portland, 66,194; Lewiston, 36,592; Bangor, 33,039; South Portland, 25,002; Auburn, 23,055; Biddeford, 21,277; Sanford, 20,792; Brunswick, 20,278; Augusta, 19,136; Scarborough, 18,919
Bordering States North and East: Canadian province of New Brunswick (Saint John and Saint Francis rivers form part of the Northern boundary)
South: Gulf of Maine (an arm of the Atlantic Ocean) (Saint Croix River forms part of the Southeastern boundary) (Salmon Falls River forms part of the Southwestern boundary)
West: New Hampshire
North West: Quebec Province
Coastline: 228 mi.
Major Industry agriculture (especially potatoes), shipbuilding, fishing (especially lobsters), footwear, machinery, electronics, tourism
Major Rivers Androscoggin River, Kennebec River, Penobscot River, St. John River
Major Lakes Lake Moosehead, Richardson Lakes
Maine Counties 16 Counties in Maine
Largest County
(by population)
Cumberland County
281,674 (2010
836 sq. mi.
Largest County
(by area)
Aroostook County
6,672 sq. mi.
State forests 1 (21,000 ac.)
State parks 30+    
State historic sites 18 (403 ac.)  
Time Zone Eastern Standard Time
Zip Codes NANPA
State Quick Facts Census Bureau Quick Facts

Maine Climate and Weather

Maine's climate is highly changeable -- it can go from sunny to stormy in short order. Generally, summers are cool, with highs in the upper 70s or low 80s F/24-27 C. Some summers have days that get above 90 F/32 C; some don't. Interior areas experience a greater range of temperatures in the summer, with some nights in northern areas at or near freezing. Winters in Maine are cold but not frigid. January temperatures range 11 to 31 F/-12 to -1 C along the coast and 1 to 19 F/-16 to -7 C inland. Snow melts frequently along the coast.
Highest Temperature 105 degrees
July 10, 1911 - North Bridgton
Lowest Temperature -48 degrees
January 19, 1925 - Van Buren
Avg. Temp:
High - Low
78.9 degrees - 11.9 degrees

Maine Points of Interest

Maine offers countless things to see and do, regardless of the time of year. Popular outdoor activities include fishing, kayaking, sailing, skiing and snowboarding. In addition, visitors will thoroughly enjoy Maine's historic sites, homes and museums.

Some of the state's busiest attractions include Acadia National Park, coastal fishing villages and lighthouses, Baxter State Park, the historic buildings of Augusta, Bar Harbor, Allagash National Wilderness Waterway, the Wadsworth-Longfellow House in Portland, Roosevelt Campobello International Park, and the St. Croix Island National Monument. and much, much more.

Maine Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations (Feet)

Mean Elevation: 600 feet
Highest Point: Mt. Katahdin: 5,267 feet

Mt. Katahdin: 5,267 feetKatahdin is a huge mountain with several summits. Baxter Peak, the 5,267 foot high point, is the northern terminus of the Appalachian Trail. A narrow ridge called the Knife Edge connects Baxter Peak to South Baxter Peak, Chimney Peak, and Pamola Peak.

Lowest Point: Atlantic Ocean
Sea level

Maine Land Area (Square Miles)

Geographic Center In Piscataquis County, 18 mi. N of Dover-Foxcroft
Longitude: 69°14.0'W
Latitude: 45°15.2'N
Total Area 35,384.65 sq. mi.
Land Area 30,861.55 sq. mi.
Water Area 4,523.10 sq. mi.
Forested Land Area 89.7%
(Length - Width)
320 miles - 190 miles
County Information and County History
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