Colorado State Almanac: Facts and Figures

Quick Facts, Figures, and Overview of the StateColorado Almanac: Fast Facts and Figures on the State of Colorado of Colorado

Colorado is one of the Mountain states of the US. The State of Colorado shares its northern border with Wyoming and Nebraska, eastern border with Kansas and Nebraska, southern border with New Mexico and Oklahoma and western border with Utah. Colorado's name, has its origin in the Spanish language, as the word for "ruddy"or "red."

By the 1990s, Colorado had a diversified economy with substantial light-industrial development and a growing tourist industry based on its scenic and recreational attractions. Colorado's economy is now driven by the service industries, including medical providers and other business and professional services. Colorado's economy also has a strong manufacturing base. The primary manufactures are food products, printing and publishing, machinery, and electrical instruments. The state is also a communications and transportation hub for the Rocky Mountain region.

The farm industry, which is primarily concentrated in livestock, is also an important element of the state's economy. The primary crops in Colorado are corn, hay, and wheat.

Colorado Almanac: Facts & Figures on Colorado

Official Name Colorado
Capital Denver
Nicknames Centennial State ... and more
Motto Nil Sine Numine (Nothing without providence)
39.76803 N, 104.87265 W
Great Plains
Rocky Mountains
Constitution Ratified 1876
Statehood August 01, 1876
38th state
Population 5,029,196 (2010)
41.47 sq. mi.
Largest City
(by population)
10 largest cities (2010):Denver, 600,158; Colorado Springs, 416,427; Aurora, 325,078; Fort Collins, 143,986; Lakewood, 142,980; Thornton, 118,772; Westminster, 106,114; Arvada, 106,433 Pueblo, 106,595; Centennial, 100,377
Bordering States North: Wyoming and Nebraska
East: Nebraska and Kansas
South: Oklahoma and New Mexico
West: Utah
Major Industry agriculture (wheat, cattle, sheep), tourism (especially skiers), mining (gold, silver), oil, finance, and manufacturing
Major Rivers Colorado River, Rio Grande, Arkansas River, South Platte River
Major Lakes Grand Lake, Blue Mesa Reservoir, John Martin Reservoir
Colorado Counties 64 Counties in Colorado
Largest County
(by population)
El Paso County
622,263 (2010)
153 sq. mi.
Largest County
(by area)
Las Animas County
4,773 sq. mi.
State forests 1 (71,000 ac.)
State parks 44 (160,000 ac.)
Electoral Votes 9 (as of the 2004 Presidential Election)
US Congress 2 Senators; 7 Representatives
Time Zone Mountain Standard Time
Zip Codes NANPA
State Quick Facts Census Bureau Quick Facts

Colorado Climate and Weather

Colorado weather can change drastically over a day, and can see all weather conditions throughout the year. It's not uncommon to have wide temperature swings from one day to the next (40 degrees F!) or even in a summer day (a thunderstorm can drop the temperature30 degrees in 15 minutes). Colorado is a high desert, and typically sees less moisture as a result. Also, it's a little known secret that Colorado has more sunny days per year than Florida.
Highest Temperature 118 degrees
Jul. 11, 1888 - Bennett.
Lowest Temperature -61 degrees
Feb. 1, 1985 - Maybell.
Avg. Temp:
High - Low
98.8 degrees
36.8 degrees

Colorado Points of Interest

Some of the most recognizable and stunning vacation destinations on the planet are located in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado, including the world-class ski resorts of Aspen, Breckenridge, Durango, Steamboat Springs and Vail. Denver's metropolitan area features professional sports, numerous shopping venues and high-quality museums and theaters. The main tourist attractions in the state include Rocky Mountain National Park, Curecanti National Recreation Area, Mesa Verde National Park, the Great Sand Dunes and Dinosaur National Monuments, Colorado National Monument, and the Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Monument.- to name but a few.

Colorado Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations (Feet)

Mean Elevation: 6,800 feet
Highest Point: Mt. Elbert: 14,433 feet

Mt. Elbert: 14,433 feetMt. Elbert at 14,433 ft. elevation is the highest point in Colorado. It is the second highest mountain in the adjacent 48 states. (Mount Whitney, 14,494 ft., is highest). Elbert is a massive mountain, easily ascended by its long, smooth ridges. Samuel H. Elbert (1833-1899) was an outstanding and widely known civic leader in the Territory and State of Colorado. Mt. Elbert, Elbert County, and the town of Elbert, Colorado were all named in his honor.

Lowest Point: Arkansas River
3,350 feet

Colorado Land Area (Square Miles)

Geographic Center In Park County, 30 mi. NW of Pikes Peak
Longitude: 105°38.5'W
Latitude: 38°59.9'N
Total Area 104,093.57 sq. mi.
Land Area 103,717.53 sq. mi.
Water Area 376.04 sq. mi.
Forested Land Area 32.1%
(Length - Width)
380 miles - 280 miles
County Information and County History
Almanac Online
Almanac Online
Information on people & places that make US a great place to live, visit, or study.