North Dakota State Almanac: Facts and Figures

Quick Facts, Figures, and Overview of the State of North Dakota

North Dakota Almanac: Facts about the State of North Dakota

North Dakota is one of the West North Central states of the US, bordered by the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba to the north, the states of Minnesota to the east, South Dakota to the south, and Montana to the west.. The diverse topography of North Dakota is characterized by the Central Plains and the Great Plains of the eastern and the western sides respectively. North Dakota's name is derived from Dakota, Sioux Indian word for "friend".

Possessing fertile soils and extensive grazing lands, North Dakota has traditionally been an agricultural state. North Dakota ranks first in the nation's production of spring and durum wheat; other agricultural products include barley, rye, sunflowers, dry edible beans, honey, oats, flaxseed, sugar beets, hay, beef cattle, sheep, and hogs. Recently, manufacturing industries have grown, especially food processing and farm equipment. The state's coal and oil reserves are plentiful, and it also produces natural gas, lignite, clay, sand, and gravel.

North Dakota Almanac: Facts on North Dakota

Official Name North Dakota
Capital Bismarck
Nicknames Peace Garden State (Official) Sioux State; Flickertail State; Rough Rider State ... and more
Motto Liberty and union, now and forever, one and inseparable
46.80546 N, 100.76729 W
Great Plains
Constitution Ratified 1889
Statehood November 02, 1889
39th state
Population 672,591 (2010)
9.31 sq. mi.
Largest City
(by population)
10 largest cities (2010 est.):Fargo, 105,549; Bismarck, 61,272; Grand Forks, 52,838; Minot, 40,888; West Fargo, 25,830; Mandan, 18,331; Dickinson, 17,787; Jamestown, 15,427; Williston, 14,716; Wahpeton, 7,766
Bordering States North: Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba
East: Minnesota (Red River of the North forms most of the E boundary)
South: South Dakota
West: Montana
Major Industry farming (wheat, barley, oats, flaxseed), cattle, mining (lignite, soft coal), electrical power generation
Major Rivers James River, Missouri River, Red River
Major Lakes Lake Sakakawea, Lake Ohe
North Dakota Counties 53 Counties in North Dakota
Largest County
(by population)
Cass County
149,778 (2010)
1,766 sq. mi.
Largest County
(by area)
McKenzie County
2,742 sq. mi.
State parks 7    
Electoral Votes 3
US Congress 2 Senators; 1 Representative
Time Zone Central Standard Time
Zip Codes NANPA
State Quick Facts Census Bureau Quick Facts

North Dakota Climate and Weather

North Dakota's June-August temperatures range 50-82 F/10-27 C, though the temperature does occasionally shoot into the high 90s F/35 C in July (and August, depending on where you are in the state). Expect thunderstorms, particularly in July: they are usually brief but heavy. North Dakota's temperatures cool off rather quickly in fall - September may have nighttime lows at or below freezing, though daytime highs are near 70 F/21 C. Winters are long and can be numbingly cold - 0 F/-18 C or colder is common in most places in winter.
Highest Temperature 121 degrees
July 6, 1936 - Steele
Lowest Temperature -60 degrees
February 15, 1936 - Parshall
Avg. Temp:
High - Low
84.4 degrees
-5.1 degrees

North Dakota Points of Interest

The Badlands, Lake Sakakawea, Big Mound Battlefield, International Peace Garden near Dunseith, Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site near Williston, Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site in Stanton, the State Capitol at Bismarck, the Badlands, Theodore Roosevelt National Park, and Fort Abraham Lincoln State Park to name but a few.

North Dakota Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations (Feet)

Mean Elevation: 1,900 feet

Highest Point: White Butte: 3,506 feet

White Butte: 3,506 feetWhite Butte near Amidon is North Dakota's highest point at 3,506 feet. Pure white sandstone dominates the landscape near South Heart in southwestern North Dakota.

Lowest Point: Red River
750 feet

North Dakota Land Area (Square Miles)

Geographic Center In Sheridan County, 5 mi. SW of McClusky
Longitude: 100°34.1'W
Latitude: 47°24.7'N
Total Area 70,699.79 sq. mi.
Land Area 68,975.93 sq. mi.
Water Area 1,723.86 sq. mi.
Forested Land Area
(Length - Width)
340 miles - 211 miles
County Information and County History
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