Kentucky Almanac furnishes quick facts and figures on the state, its history and geography; largest and smallest counties, largest cities; climate and weather, temperature, highest, lowest, and mean temperatures; elevations, lowest, highest elevations; total area, land area and water area, state forest and park areas; bordering states, electoral votes, number of senators and representatives to the US Congress, and other statistical data.
Use this almanac of Kentucky for information on local issues, politics, events, celebrations, people and business pertaining to the state of Kentucky that can be found online.
Kentucky is officially Commonwealth of Kentucky, one of the East South Central states of the US. Kentucky is part of Appalachia. Kentucky borders seven states, from the Midwest and the Southeast. West Virginia lies to the east, Virginia to the southeast, Tennessee to the south, Missouri to the west, Illinois and Indiana to the northwest, and Ohio to the north and northeast. Only Missouri and Tennessee, both of which border eight states, touch more states. Kentucky's name comes from the Wyandot Indian name for "plain" in reference to the central plains of the state.
Kentucky was mainly a farming state until the mid-20th century, when services and manufacturing became the leading economic activities. Kentucky
prides itself on producing some of the nation's best tobacco, horses, and whiskey. Corn, soybeans, wheat, fruit, hogs, cattle, and dairy products are
among the agricultural items produced.
Among the manufactured items produced in the state are motor vehicles, furniture, aluminum ware, brooms, apparel, lumber products, machinery, textiles, and iron and steel products. Kentucky also produces significant amounts of petroleum, natural gas, fluorspar, clay, and stone. However, coal accounts for 85% of the total mineral income.
Kentucky Almanac: Facts on the State of Kentucky
|Nicknames||Bluegrass State ... and more|
|"United we stand, divided we shall fall"
"Deo gratiam habeamus"
|38.19077 N, 084.86520 W
|Statehood||June 01, 1792
101.73 sq. mi.
|10 largest cities (2010):Louisville/Jefferson County,1 566,503; Lexington-Fayette,2 295,803; Bowling Green, 58,067; Owensboro, 57,265; Covington, 40,640; Hopkinsville, 31,577; Richmond, 31,364; Florence, 29,951; Georgetown, 29,098 Henderson, 28,757|
|Bordering States||North: Indiana, Ohio, and
(Ohio River forms the state's entire Northern boundary)
East: West Virginia and Virginia (Big Sandy and Tug Fork rivers form much of the Eastern border)
West: Missouri (Mississippi River forms the Western boundary)
|Major Industry||agriculture (tobacco, corn, peanuts, wheat), mining (anthracite coal), horse-raising, whiskey manufacturing, automobile and truck manufacturing, chemical manufacturing|
|Major Rivers||Ohio River, Mississippi River, Cumberland River, Kentucky River, Green River|
|Major Lakes||Lake Cumberland, Kentucky Lake, Lake Barkley|
|Kentucky Counties||120 Counties in Kentucky|
385 sq. mi.
787 sq. mi.
|State forests||53 (5,809 ac.)|
|Presidential Birthplace||Abraham Lincoln was born in Hardin County (now called Larue County) on February 12, 1809 (he was the 16th US President, serving from 1861 to 1865).|
|US Congress||2 Senators; 6 Representatives|
|Time Zone||Eastern Standard Time|
|State Quick Facts||Census Bureau Quick Facts|
Kentucky Climate and Weather
|Kentucky's temperate climate means that no season is out of the question for a visit. We recommend April-May and September-October as the prime times for comfortable temperatures and humilities. April readings range from the mid 40s to mid 60s F/6-17 C with May running 52-78 F/11-25 C. Fall high temperatures are a little warmer. Summer is the most humid season (with occasional short-lived hot spells). Winter snowstorms are seldom paralyzing: Depending on the area, the snow may disappear fairly quickly.|
|Highest Temperature||114 degrees
July 28, 1930 - Greensburg
|Lowest Temperature||-34 degrees
January 28, 1963 - Cynthiana
High - Low
Kentucky Points of Interest
|Kentucky's most visited attractions include the Blue Grass region and its thoroughbred horse farms, Churchill Downs and Louisville, Cumberland Gap National Park, the "Land Between The Lakes" National Recreational Area, Abraham Lincoln's birthplace near Hodgenville, Mammoth Cave, Shaker Village of Pleasant Village, the George S. Patton, Jr., Military Museum at Fort Knox, and Old Fort Harrod State Park.|
Kentucky Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations (Feet)
|Mean Elevation: 750 feet|
|Highest Point: Black Mountain: 4,139 feet
Black Mountain runs along the Kentucky-Virginia border through Harlan and Bell counties. The highest point in Kentucky, 4,145 feet above sea level, is on Black Mountain near Lynch in Harlan county
|Lowest Point:||Mississippi River
Kentucky Land Area (Square Miles)
|Geographic Center||In Marion County, 3 mi. NNW of Lebanon
|Total Area||40,409.02 sq. mi.
|Land Area||39,728.18 sq. mi.
|Water Area||680.85 sq. mi.
|Forested Land Area||49.9%|
(Length - Width)
|380 miles - 140 miles|
Adair, Allen, Anderson, Ballard, Barren, Bath, Bell, Boone, Bourbon, Boyd, Boyle, Bracken, Breathitt, Breckinridge, Bullitt, Butler, Caldwell, Calloway, Campbell, Carlisle, Carroll, Carter, Casey, Christian, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Crittenden, Cumberland, Daviess, Edmonson, Elliott, Estill, Fayette, Fleming, Floyd, Franklin, Fulton, Gallatin, Garrard, Grant, Graves, Grayson, Green, Greenup, Hancock, Hardin, Harlan, Harrison, Hart, Henderson, Henry, Hickman, Hopkins, Jackson, Jessamine, Johnson, Kenton, Knott, Knox, LaRue, Laurel, Lawrence, Lee, Leslie, Letcher, Lewis, Lincoln, Livingston, Logan, Lyon, Madison, Magoffin, Marion, Marshall, Martin, Mason, McCracken, McCreary, McLean, Meade, Menifee, Mercer, Metcalfe, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Muhlenberg, Nelson, Nicholas, Ohio, Oldham, Owen, Owsley, Pendleton, Perry, Pike, Powell, Pulaski, Robertson, Rockcastle, Rowan, Russell, Scott, Shelby, Simpson, Spencer, Taylor, Todd, Trigg, Trimble, Union, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Webster, Whitley, Wolfe, Woodford
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