Minnesota State Almanac: Facts and Figures

Quick Facts, Figures, and Overview of the State of Minnesota

Minnesota Almanac: Fast Facts and Figures on the State of Minnesota

Minnesota is one of the West North Central states of the US.It shares a Lake Superior water border with Michigan and a land and water border with Wisconsin to the east. Iowa is to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota are to the west, and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba are to the north. Minnesota is famously nicknamed as the "Land of 10,000 lakes", since there are about 11,842 lakes in the state. Minnesota is the 21st most populous state of United States. Minnesota's name come from the named the Dakota Sioux used for the river's "cloudy" or "milky water." The Dakota word "mnishota" means "cloudy" or "milky water."

Minnesota's economy has long been dominated by the development of its varied natural resources. By the 1990s, although it remained a leading agricultural state, Minnesota had developed a diversified economy, dominated by services and manufacturing. Minnesota's factories produce nonelectrical machinery, fabricated metals, flour-mill products, plastics, electronic computers, scientific instruments, and processed foods. The state is also a leader in the printing and paper-products industries.

Minneapolis is the trade center of the Midwest, and the headquarters of the world's largest super-computer and grain distributor. St. Paul is the nation's biggest publisher of calendars and law books. These "twin cities"are the nation's third-largest trucking center. Duluth has the nation's largest inland harbor and now handles a significant amount of foreign trade. Rochester is home to the Mayo Clinic, a world-famous medical center.

Tourism is a major revenue producer in Minnesota, with arts, fishing, hunting, water sports, and winter sports bringing in millions of visitors each year.

Minnesota Almanac: Facts on the State of Minnesota

Official Name Minnesota
Capital St. Paul
Nicknames North Star State; Gopher State; Land of 10,000 Lakes ...and more
Motto L'Etoile du Nord (The star of the north)
44.83945 N, 092.99496 W
Constitution Ratified 1858
Statehood May 11, 1858
32nd state
Population 5,303,925 (2010)
61.79 sq. mi.
Largest City
(by population)
10 largest cities (2010): Minneapolis, 382,578; St. Paul, 285,068; Rochester, 106,769; Duluth, 86,265; Bloomington, 82,893 Brooklyn Park, 75,781; Plymouth, 70,576; St. Cloud, 65,842; Eagan, 64,206; Woodbury, 61,961
Bordering States North: Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Ontario
East: Lake Superior and Wisconsin
South: Iowa (Mississippi River forms part of the Southeastern border)
West: South Dakota and North Dakota (Red River of the North forms much of the Western border)
Major Industry farming (corn, soybeans, sugar beets, wheat, dairy products), paper pulp, mining (iron ore)
Major Rivers Minnesota River, Mississippi River, Rainy River, Red River of the North, St. Croix River
Major Lakes Upper Red Lake, Lower Red Lake, Mille Lacs Lake, Vermillion Lake, Rainy Lake, Lake of the Woods, Lake Superior, Leech Lake, Winnibigoshish Lake, Lake Pepin
Minnesota Counties 87 Counties in Minnesota
Largest County
(by population)
Hennepin County
1,152,425 (2010)
557 sq. mi.
Largest County
(by area)
St. Louis County
6,226 sq mi.
State forests 58 (nearly 4 million ac.)
State parks 72    
Electoral Votes 10
US Congress 2 Senators; 8 Representatives
Time Zone Central Standard Time
Zip Codes NANPA
State Quick Facts Census Bureau Quick Facts

Minnesota Climate and Weather

Minnesota's winter climate is a bit extreme for those who aren't fans of wind chill, but summer and fall are very pleasant. In winter, the temperature ranges from -9 to 24 F/-22 to -4 C, though it can be even colder. Statewide snowfall averages 30-40 in/76-102 cm. April can be an unattractive time to visit: late snowfalls, melting snow and chilly temperatures are common. Summer is by far the most appealing season, with July having the most sun (average temperatures: 53-84 F/11-27 C). June-August sees warm days (highs in the 90s F/32+ C are quite likely) and cool nights (50s-65 F/10-18 C).
Highest Temperature 114 degrees
July 6, 1936 - Moorhead
Lowest Temperature -60 degrees
February 2, 1996 - Tower.
Avg. Temp:
High - Low
83.4 degrees
-2.9 degrees

Minnesota Points of Interest

The Boundary Waters Region, Itasca State Park and the Mississippi River headwaters, Red River Valley, North Shore, sparklingly Minneapolis and historic Saint Paul, Glacial Ridge Trail and the Saint Croix River to name but a few.

Minnesota Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations (Feet)

Mean Elevation: 1,200 feet
Highest Point: Eagle Mountain: 2,301 feet

Eagle Mountain: 2,301 feetEagle Mountain is the tallest point in the state of Minnesota. It rises over 300 feet above Brule Lake in the BWCA. The US Geological Survey has installed a metal plaque marking Minnesota's official highest point. At 2,301 feet above sea level, the peak is lofty for a Midwestern summit, but small by mountaineering standards.

Lowest Point: Lake Superior
600 feet

Minnesota Land Area (Square Miles)

Geographic Center In Crow Wing County, 10 mi. SW of Brainerd
Longitude: 95°19.6'W
Latitude: 46°1.5'N
Total Area 86,938.87 sq. mi
Land Area 79,610.08 sq. mi
Water Area 7,328.79 sq. mi
Forested Land Area 33%
(Length - Width)
400 miles - 250 miles
County Information and County History
Almanac Online
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